488 pages, 57 illustrations
Located on the Bay of Fundy, the St. Andrews Biological Station is Canada's oldest permanent marine research institution. A Century of Maritime Science reviews the fisheries, environmental, oceanographic, and aquaculture research conducted over the last hundred years at St. Andrews from the perspective of the participating scientists. Introductory essays by two leading historians of science situate the work at St. Andrews within their historical context.
With topics including the contributions of women to the early study of marine biology in Canada; the study of scallops, Atlantic salmon, and paralytic shellfish poisoning; and the development of underwater camera technology, A Century of Maritime Science offers a captivating mixture of first-hand reminiscences, scientific expertise, and historical analysis.
"A Century of Maritime Science tells the story of how the unique ecology of the Bay of Fundy, with its eight-meter tides, shaped the science that was done at St. Andrews; how that science was developed; and how it became part of global scientific knowledge. This collection is an important contribution to the history of marine biology and a valuable account of the often invisible world of how marine science is done."
– Carmel Finley, author of All the Fish in the Sea
Introduction to A Century of Maritime Science (Jennifer Hubbard)
Chapter 1: Science in Canada: The Context of the Biological Board of Canada’s St. Andrews Biological Station (Eric L. Mills)
Chapter 2: Some Contributions of Women to the Early Study of Marine Biology of Canadian Waters (Mary Needler Arai)
Chapter 3: The Gospel of Efficiency and the Origins of Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY): Scientific and Social Influences on Johan Hjort’s and A.G. Huntsman’s Contributions to Fisheries Science (Jennifer Hubbard)
Chapter 4: Public Science and Government Policy in the History of St. Andrews Biological Station (Robert L. Stephenson)
Chapter 5: Technology in Marine Science at the St. Andrews Biological Station, 1908–2008 (Timothy James Foulkes)
Chapter 6: An Overview of Physical Oceanographic Research at the St. Andrews Biological Station During its First Century (Blythe D. Chang and Fred H. Page)
Chapter 7: Experimental Flow Studies at St. Andrews Biological Station (David J. Wildish and Shawn M.C. Robinson)
Chapter 8: A Personal Perspective on the Historical Role of the St Andrews Biological Station in Investigations of Canadian Scallop Fisheries (John F. Caddy)
Chapter 9: Fifty years of Atlantic Salmon Field Studies at St. Andrews Biological Station (Richard H. Peterson)
Chapter 10: Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) Research - Seventy Years in Retrospect (Jennifer L. Martin)
Chapter 11: A History of Research in Environmental Science and Ecotoxicology at the St. Andrew’s Biological Station (Peter G. Wells)
Chapter 12: Aquaculture Research and Development at the St. Andrews Biological Station: 1908–2008 (Robert H. Cook)
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Jennifer Hubbard is an associate professor in the Department of History at Ryerson University. David Wildish is a scientist emeritus at the St. Andrews Biological Station and research associate of the Huntsman Marine Science Centre. Robert Stephenson is a research scientist and past Director of the St. Andrews Biological Station.