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Biomass Burning and Global Change, Volume 2: Biomass Burning in South America, Southeast Asia, and Temperate and Boreal Ecosystems, and the Oil Fires of Kuwait

Series: Biomass Burning and Global Change Volume: 2

Edited By: Joel S Levine

902 pages, B/w photos, figs, tabs, maps

MIT Press

Hardback | Mar 1997 | #56668 | ISBN: 0262122022
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NHBS Price: £62.95 $81/€69 approx

About this book

The 1989 report of the National Research Council, Global Change and Our Common Future states: "Our planet and global environment are witnessing the most profound changes in the brief history of the human species. Human activity is the major agent of those changes - depletion of stratospheric ozone, the threat of global warming, deforestation, acid precipitation, the extinction of species, and others that have not become apparent". One human activity that leads to all of these global changes is the burning of the world's living and dead vegetation. And human-initiated biomass burning has increased significantly over the last century. "Biomass Burning and Global Change" assesses the impact of biomass burning as a driver for global change. The two volumes bring together the results of a climatic research project in over 80 contributions by more than 200 scientists representing a dozen different countries. The contributions are divided into the tropical, temperate and boreal regions of the world, and many of the contributors are from countries where burning is widespread. All aspects of biomass burning are covered - from fire ecology to atmospheric chemistry and climate. Topics include the remote sensing of fires from space, the characteristics and ecology of fire, gaseous and particulate emissions from burning, and the impact of these emissions on the chemistry of the troposphere and stratosphere and on global climate. There are also results of national and international experiments on biomass burning, including the international South African Fire-Atmosphere Research Initiative (SAFARI) and Bor Forest Island Experiement in Siberia, part of the Fire Research Campaign Asia-North (FIRESCAN), and the US Smoke, Clouds and Radiation (SCAR) experiment. Several chapters deal with the Kuwaiti oil fires and their environmental impacts.


Introduction, Joel S. Levine. Part 4 Biomass burning in South Africa: Mapping fire scars in the Brazilian Cerrado using AVHRR imagery, Christine A. Hlavka et al; Characterizing Brazilian fires and estimating areas burned by using the airborne infrared disaster assessment system, James A. Brass et al; Types of grassland fires and nitrogen volatilization in tropical savannas of Calabozo, Venezuela, Bibiana Bilbao, E. Medina; Biomass burning emissions of atmospheric methyl halide and hydrocarbon gases in the South Atlantic region, Nicola J. Blake et al; Biomass burning effects on the distribution of atmospheric methane in Brazil, Volker W.J.H. Kirchhoff et al; The biomass burning sequence of the Brazilian Cerrado and observations of atmospheric ozone, Volker W.J.H. Kirchhoff, Hamilton G. Pavao; Amazonian and global warming - annual balance of greenhouse gas emissions from land-use change in Brazil's Amazon region, Philip M. Fearnside; Temporal and spatial variability of aerosol loading and properties during the amazon, North American temperate, and boreal forest burning seasons, Brent N. Holben et al; Long-term atmospheric aerosol study in Cuiaba, Brazil - multielemental composition, sources, and impact of biomass burning, Willy Maenhaut et al; One thousand years of fire history of Andino-Patagonian forests recovered from sediments of the Rio Epuyen River, Chubut Province, Argentina, Johann G. Goldammer et al. Part 5 Biomass burning in southeast Asia: Survey of fires in southeast Asia and India during 1987, Christopher D. Elvidge, Kimberly E. Baugh; Biomass fuel utilization in tropical Asia, Terrence G. Bensel, Robert C. Harris. Part 6 Biomass burning in temperate ecosystems: relationship between remotely sensed fire intensity and rate of emission of smoke - SCAR-C experiment, Yoram J. Kaufman et al; Particle and trace-gas measurements in the smoke from prescribed burns of forest products in the Pacific northwest, Peter V. Hobbs et al; Particle-size distributions, elemental compositions, carbon measurements, and optical properties of smoke from biomass burning in the Pacific northwest of the United States, J. Vanderlei et al; Emissions from forest burning in the southeastern United Sates - application of a model determining spatial and temporal fire variation, James M. Vose et al; Baselines biomass burning emissions of eastern North America, James S. Clark. (Part contents).

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Joel S. Levine is Senior Research Scientist in the Atmospheric Sciences Division, NASA Langley Research Center and is the Principal Investigator of NASA's research program on global biomass burning, Biospheric Research Program, Office of Space Sciences and Applications.

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