List of contributors; Foreword C. H. B. Priestley; Preface; Part I. An Overview A. B. Pittock: Part II. The Physical Basis of Climate: 1. The climatic system; 2. The general circulation of the atmosphere G. B. Tucker; 3. The role of the oceans B. V. Hamon and J. S. Godfrey; Part III. The Long-Term Climatic Record: 4. Cenozoic climates: Antarctica and the Southern Ocean L. A. Frakes; 5. Some results of the CLIMAP project N. J. Shackleton; 6. Climatic and topographic changes from glaciological data D. Jenssen; 7. Quaternary climates of the Australian region D. Walker; 8. Closed lakes and the palaeoclimatic record D. M. Churchill, R. W. Galloway and G. Singh; 9. Eustatic sea-level changes and environmental gradients H. A. Martin and J. A. Peterson; 10. Abrupt events in climatic history H. Flohn; Part IV. Patterns of Shorter-Term Change and Variability: 11. Climatic variability and extremes W. J. Gibbs, J. V. Maher and M. J. Coughlan; 12. Climatic fluctuations during the period of historical and instrumental record R. G. Barry; 13. Patterns of variability in relation to the general circulation A. B. Pittock; 14. The Southern Oscillation P. B. Wright; 15. Regional mechanisms and variations S. Hastenrath, J. Williams, H. van Loon and M. J. Coughlan; Part V. Models of Climatic Change: 16. Global cycles and climate R. W. Fairbridge; 16. Theories of Upper Quaternary ice ages J. Chappell; 17. Modelling of ice masses: implications for climatic change W. Budd and B. McInnes; 18. Mathematical modelling of climate J. S. A. Green and G. W. Paltridge; 19. Volcanic events, climate, and climate modelling J. R. Bray and B. G. Hunt; Part VI. Modification of Climate: 20. The biosphere, atmospheric composition and climate I. E. Galbally and J. R. Freney; 21. Atmospheric carbon dioxide: recent advances in monitoring and research G. I. Pearman; Part VII. The Effect of Climatic Change and Variability on Mankind: 22. Cultural and economic aspects G. W. Arnold, K. A. Galbraith and P. J. Walsh; 23. Climate and the historians J. L. Anderson; 24. The cultural, economic and climatic records R. A. Bryson; 25. Economic and political issues W. J. Maunder; 26. Mankind, climate and doomsday science M. Charlesworth; Part VIII. Progress and Prospect: 27. The problem of short-term climatic forecasting R. A. S. Ratcliffe; 28. Possible future climatic trends: a panel discussion; 29. Reflections on climatological research G. Manley, J. Oliver and B. R. Morton; References; Indices.