469 pages, 11 colour & 47 b/w illustrations, 114 tables
The book adopts an application-oriented approach for ecorestoration of coalmine degraded. The theoretical aspects of ecorestoration, and steps involved in ecorestoration process and experimental aspects of thorough analytical procedures have been discussed in detail. It emphasizes on the types of mining, land degradation, and biodiversity conservation while giving details of technical and biological steps, topsoil management, selection of plant species, seeding, nursery practices; adoption of innovative approaches like mulching, biofertlizer application, hydroseeding, superabsorbent; use of grass-legume mix; monitoring and aftercare of reclaimed sites; the indicators of sustainable ecorestoration; and Rules and Acts implemented and followed across the world.
Best ecorestoration practices, mine closure issues, collection, laboratory analysis and interpretation of minesoil and topsoil samples, monitoring biological parameters, litterfall and tree growth analysis, erosion management, design of drainage and sedimentation retention basin, and brief description of tree species with identifying character for field people are all part of the book.
Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION
Chapter 2: Ecology and Ecosystem in Mine Dedraded Land
Chapter 3: Physical (Technical) Reclamation
Chapter 4: Minesoil properties affecting plant establishment and growth
Chapter 5: Topsoil Management
Chapter 6: Programs and Planning of vegetation cover development
Chapter 7: Seeds - collection, storage & treatment
Chapter 8: Nursery Raising Of Saplings For Forest Trees
Chapter 9: Establishment of Grasses and Legumes Cover
Chapter 10 Application of Mulch, geotextiles and amendments
Chapter 11: Bio-fertilizer (Mycorrhiza) technology in Mine Ecorestoration
Chapter 12: Biodiversity, Erosion and Conservation in Ecorestored site
Chapter 13: Monitoring and Aftercare of Ecorestored Site
Chapter 14: Evaluation of Reclamation success and Soil Quality Indicators
Chapter 15: Forest & Wildlife Conservation Acts
Chapter 16: Ecological Impact Assessment of Surface Mining Project
Chapter 17: Mine Closure
Chapter 1: Sampling Technique
Chapter 2: Analysis Of Physical Parameters
Chapter 3: Analysis Of Chemical Parameters Of Soil And Overburden
Chapter 4: Soil Microbiological Parameters
Chapter 5: Plant Analysis, Field Trials And Vegetation Survey
Annex: soil Analysis
Annex 1: Soil Analysis
Annex 2: Apparatus/ Instruments required for sol analysis laboratory
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Dr Subodh Kumar Maiti (b. 25-04-1960) is a Professor in the Department of Environmental Science and Engineering Centre of Mining Environment, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad. He did BSc (Hons) and MSc in Botany from Calcutta University in 1981, M.Tech (Environmental Science and Engineering) from IIT Mumbai in 1986 and worked as Senior Environmental Engineer in Kirloskar Consultancy Division, Pune till 1987. In 1988, he joined as lecturer in ISM, Dhanbad and earned his Ph.D in Environmental Science and Engineering in ecological aspects of reclamation of coalmine degraded lands.
He underwent 3 months training on EIA and auditing at University of Bradford, UK in 1996 and 1 month advanced training on mining and environment at University of Lulea, Sweden under SIDA. He has taught ecology, environmental microbiology, land reclamation at B.Tech and M.Tech levels and has guided several research students. He has worked in the biological aspects of reclamation for more than two decades and has published over 60 papers in International and national journals, and has presented over 120 papers in International and national seminars. He has completed several R&D and consultancy projects on biological reclamation, biodiversity assessment, design and development of green belts in mining areas. He is life member of IAEM, IASWC, Mycorrhiza News, MGMI, The Indian Mining & Engineering Journal (IME). He was also selected as Fellow National Environmentalist Association (FNAE), Member SERI (Australia) and IPS (USA).