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Freshwater Field Tests for Hazard Assessment of Chemicals

Handbook / Manual

Edited By: IR Hill, F Heimbach, P Leeuwangh and P Matthiessen

562 pages, Figs, tabs

Lewis Publishers

Hardback | Dec 1994 | #34804 | ISBN: 0873719409
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £153.00 $197/€167 approx

About this book

Freshwater field tests are an integral part of the process of hazard assessment of pesticides and other chemicals in the environment. This book brings together international experts on microcosms and mesocosms for a critical appraisal of theory and practice on the subject of freshwater field tests for hazard assessment. It is an authoritative and comprehensive summary of knowledge about freshwater field tests, with particular emphasis on their optimization for scientific and regulatory purposes. This valuable reference covers both lotic and lentic outdoor systems and addresses the choice of endpoints and test methodology. Instructive case histories show how to extrapolate test results to the real world.


Endpoints in Aquatic Field Tests: The Concept of Ecological Stability Applied to Aquatic Ecosystems (A. Seitz). On the Choice of Structural Parameters and Endpoints to Indicate Responses of Freshwater Ecosystems to Pesticide Stress (T.C.M. Brock and B.J. Budde). Functional Endpoints in Field Testing (K. Kersting). Interpreting the Results of Agricultural Microcosm Tests: Linking Laboratory and Experimental Field Results to Predictions of Effect in Natural Ecosystems (T.W. La Point). Structural and Taxonomic Types of Zooperiphyton as Criteria of Freshwater Field Testing (I.A. Skalskaya). Methodologies of Aquatic Field Tests: Prediction of Exposure Concentrations in Surface Waters (P. Groenendijk, J.W.H. van der Kolk, and K.Z. Travis). System Design for Field Tests in Flowing Waters: Design and Use of Outdoor Artificial Streams in Ecotoxicology (G.C. Mitchell). Methodologies of Aquatic Field Tests: System Design for Field Tests in Still Waters (F. Heimbach). Sampling and Analysis of the Test Chemical in Microcosms and Mesocosms (J.M. Giddings). Sampling and Analysis Strategy for Biological Effects in Freshwater Field Tests (J.H. Kennedy, Z.B. Johnson, and P.C. Johnson). Are Aquatic Macrophytes Useful in Field Tests? (G. Blake). Large-Scale Outdoor Microcosms: Tools for Ecological Assessment of Pesticides (J.M. Giddings, R.L. Helm, and F.J. deNoyelles, Jr.). Use of Limnocorrals for Assessing the Aquatic Fate and Effects of Pesticides (K. Liber). Case Studies of Aquatic Field Tests: Comparison of Chlorpyrifos Fate and Effects in Outdoor Aquatic Micro- and Mesocosms of Various Scale and Construction (P. Leeuwangh). Review of Aquatic Field Tests with Pyrethroid Insecticides (I.R. Hill, J.L. Shaw, and S.J. Maund). Atrazine in Aquatic Test Systems: An Evaluation of Ecotoxicological Risks (W. Huber). Review of Experimental Microcosm, Mesocosm, and Field Tests Used to Evaluate the Potential Hazard of Surfactants to Aquatic Life and the Relation to Single Species Data (S.E. Belanger). Fate of Chlorpyrifos in Indoor Microcosms and Outdoor Experimental Ditches (S.J.H. Crum and T.C.M. Brock). Response of Aquatic Outdoor Microcosms of the Split-PondType to Chemical Contamination (R. Draxl, K.E. Neugebaur-Bnchler, F.-J. Zieris, and W. Huber). The Effects of Lambda-Cyhalothrin in Aquatic Field Studies (M.J. Hamer, I.R. Hill, L. Rondon, and A. Caguan). Comparison of the Effects of a Herbicide (Metamitron) in Outdoor Pond Microcosmsand in Standardized Laboratory Tests (F. Heimbach). Effects of Lambda-Cyhalothrin on Aquatic Organisms in Large-Scale Mesocosms (I.R. Hill, J.K. Runnalls, J.H. Kennedy, and P. Ekoniak). Aquatic Testing of Trichlorphon in the Laboratory and Field (Z. Svobodova and R. Faina). The Role of Periphyton in Primary Production in Outdoor Microcosms Treated with 3,4-dichloroaniline (DCA) (A. Thielcke and H.-T. Ratte). Extrapolation and Hazard Assessment: Field Validation of Predictions Based on Laboratory Toxicity Tests (G. Pe rsoone and C.R. Jans

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