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Insect Natural Enemies: Practical approaches to their study and evaluation

TextbookHandbook / ManualOut of Print

Edited By: Mark Jervis and Neil Kidd

504 pages, 62 b/w photos, 177 illus

Chapman & Hall

Hardback | Dec 1995 | #24073 | ISBN: 0412399008
Out of Print Details

About this book

This general text on the subject is designed to guide the student or research worker to those approaches and techniques that are most appropriate to the study and evaluation of insect predators, particularly parasitoids. Contents include: investigating host/prey-finding and selection; life cycles; mating behaviour; assessing the impact of natural enemies on host and prey populations.


Part 1 Foraging behaviour, J.J.M. van Alphen and M.A. Jervis: behaviour of insect parasitoids and predators; methodology; the treatment of parasitoids prior to their use in experiments; recording and statistical analysis of behavioural data; host/prey finding and selection behaviour; deciding what clutch size to lay; host-feeding behaviour; host discrimination; sex allocation; functional responses; switching behaviour; patch time allocation; patch defence behaviour; distribution of parasitoids over a host population; measuring encounter rates; life history characteristics and searching behaviour; foraging behaviour and taxonomy; parasitoid behaviour and community ecology. Part 2 The life cycle, M.A. Jervis and M.J.W. Copeland: anatomical studies; female reproductive system; male reproductive system; sex ratio; locating eggs in hosts; fecundity; adult longevity; growth and development of immatures; survival of immatures; intrinsic rate of natural increase. Part 3 Mating behaviour, H. van den Assem: making records; general methodology; equipment used in observing mating behaviour; the early stages of mating behaviour; stimulus production; some quantitative aspects of mating behaviour; female receptivity and its consequences; aspects of mating "sensu stricto"; mating success; comparative studies of mating behaviour. Part 4 Populations and communities, W. Powell and .M.P. Walton: field sampling techniques; determining trophic relationships; genetic variability in field populations of natural enemies. Part 5 Population dynamics, N.A.C. Kidd and M.A. Jervis: demonstrating and quantifying predation and parasitism; the role of natural enemies in insect population dynamics; selection criteria in biological control. Part 6 Phytophagy, M.A. Jervis and N.A.C. Kidd: what plant materials do natural enemies feed upon, and from what sources?; do natural enemies show specificity in the plant food sources they exploit?; interpreting patterns of resource utilization; insect preferences and foraging energetics; natural enemies as pollinators.

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