Joint implementation (JI) is an option under evaluation by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. This option would provide a bilateral means among countries to transfer green house gas (GHG) entitlements on a project by project basis. Currently JI is in a pilot stage (Activities Implemented Jointly) which does not allow for GHG crediting, but serves to evaluate the feasibility of the JI concept. Several pilot projects are currently underway worldwide.
The results of this report support the concept that JI has the potential to substantially reduce the costs of mitigating green house gas (GHG) emissions. Further the industrial and land use sectors in the non-OECD areas have substantial potential for JI projects.
While the global GHG mitigation regime will determine the potential for joint implementation, a moderate regime would imply that the trade in carbon emissions permits could amount to US$ 10 billion annually by the year 2020 with a cumulative trade of US$ 100 billion in the 2000 to 2020 time period. Depending on the JI regimes, a substantial portion of this amount could be utilised by JI activities. Further this JI investment could impact investment several magnitudes greater by incorporating carbon mitigation options into energy, industrial and land use projects.
This report has three principal sections:
- a global macroeconomic analysis that looks at the magnitude and driving forces behind a tradable emissions scheme and the implications for joint implementation (Section 3);
- the scope and selected options for JI in the industrial sector in the developing and transitional economies (Section 4);
- the magnitude and options for land-use for JI projects (Section 5).
Given the limitations of this study, the power sector is not included, but it is the other major sector where JI could play a substantial role.
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