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Micro-Organisms in Ruminant Nutrition


Edited By: R A Prins and C S Stewart

249 pages, B/w plates, figs, tabs

Nottingham University Press

Paperback | Dec 1994 | #112899 | ISBN: 1897676549
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £14.99 $19/€16 approx

About this book

This publication contains the proceedings of a seminar 'Anaerobic fungi and their role in the nutrition of extensively fed ruminants' held in Dalfsen, the Netherlands, under the auspices of the Commission of European Communities programme on Agriculture. The anaerobic fungi are recently discovered micro-organisms from functional ruminants and other herbivores. Producers of exceptionally active fibre-degrading enzymes, they also possess hydrogenosomes, specialised organelles in which hydrogen is formed. These fungi provide unique opportunities for the manipulation of rumen function and for the biotechnological exploitation of wastes, crops and residues as well as fascinating insights into evolution. Here, the molecular biology, enzymology and ecology of the anaerobic fungi are considered in the context of the availability of plant resources, recent advances in rumen microbiology and the biology of other micro-organisms.


Fibrous crops and residues for animal production in Europe Plant-animal and microbial interactions in ruminant fibre degradation Phenolic acid composition in supernatant fluid after digestion of cell walls of maize by rumen micro-organisms Microbial and chemical characterisation of rumen contents of grazing dairy cows Degradation of plant cell wall polysaccharides by rumen bacteria Plant cell wall degradation by rumen protozoa Anaerobic fungi, their distribution and life cycle Plant cell wall degradation by anaerobic fungi Production of depolymerizing enzymes by anaerobic fungi The xylanolytic system of rumen anaerobic fungi Cloning and expression of genes encoding enzymes of the glycolytic pathway in Neocallimastix frontalis Water-soluble polysaccharides of fungal cell walls Cell wall composition and detection of anaerobic rumen fungi in vitro using fluorescent lectins Hydrogenosomes of the anaerobic fungus Neocallimastix sp. L2 The evolutionary origin of hydrogenosomes from anaerobic fungi Hydrogenosomes in anaerobic protozoa versus anaerobic fungi Biogenesis and function of hydrogenosomes in the anaerobic fungus: Neocallimastix sp. L2 a molecular approach Index

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