Peer review and assessment are vital elements in numerous scientific decisions, particularly scientific publishing, research funding and regulatory science. This handbook provides an essential reference for all those involved in these processes, including reviewers, reviewees and review managers. It guides the reader though all of the important aspects of peer review and explains how they are applied in the design and operation of successful review and assessment programs. Key topics include the selection of reviewers, identifying and mitigating conflicts of interest and developing review criteria. The more general question of how scientific claims can be evaluated and controversies resolved is also considered in an exploration of the Best Available Science concept. A large appendix supplements the main chapters and provides further useful information on related topics such as manuscript management, stakeholder participation and quality assurance.
Preface; Part I. Introduction to Peer Review and Scientific Assessment: 1. Introduction; 2. Best available science; metrics for evaluation of scientific claims; 3. Legal and related requirements for peer review; Part II. Peer Review and Scientific Assessment Process: 4. Introduction; 5. Review and assessment criteria; 6. Identification of peers; 7. Conflict of interest; 8. Design and operation of a peer review and scientific assessment program; Part III. Application: 9. Optimization of the operation of peer reviews and scientific assessments; 10. The role of stakeholders in peer review and scientific assessment; Part IV. Appendix: Organization of the Appendix: Appendix 1. Manuscript management process for scientific publications; Appendix 2. Management process for peer review and scientific assessment: grants, contracts, and other documents including regulatory science; Appendix 3. Management of stakeholder participation; Appendix 4. Quality assurance; Appendix 5. Instructions for referencing in scientific documents; Appendix 6. List of abbreviations and acronyms; References; Subject Index; Name Index.
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Alan Moghissi is President of the Institute for Regulatory Science (RSI) and has served in various posts, including Principal Science Advisor for Radiation and Hazardous Materials at the US Environmental Protection Agency. He was appointed by US Secretary of State Colin Powell as a US Commissioner of UNESCO. Betty Love is currently Executive Vice President of the Institute for Regulatory Science. She previously served in a number of posts, including Managing Editor of Technology, a journal that traces its roots to Journal of the Franklin Institute, one of the oldest technical journals in the US. Sorin Straja is Vice President, Science and Technology, at the Institute for Regulatory Science. He has served as Principal Technical Secretary for peer review activities at RSI and to numerous review panels established by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers to review projects supported by the US Department of Energy.