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Principles of Contaminant Hydrogeology

Handbook / Manual
  • Explains field techniques and data collection methods used by consultants everywhere and suggested by regulatory guidance
  • Presents approaches for getting most data, given the project restrictions typically encountered in consulting work
  • Demonstrates applications with case studies and examples
  • Deals with the required subsurface sampling and assessment for compliance so client can deal with contaminant problems and achieve site closure Presents a geologic approach to site study

By: C M Palmer, J L Peterson and J Behnke

235 pages, B/w photos, illus, figs, tabs

CRC Press

Hardback | Dec 1996 | Edition: 2 | #53982 | ISBN: 1566701694
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £101.00 $130/€111 approx

About this book

This second edition features new and expanded coverage of contaminant hydrogeologic investigations. It presents a practical approach to completing investigations for environmental compliance, emphasizing the use of geologic principles in assessment to move sites toward cleanup. Stressing the basics of collecting data that can withstand regulatory scrutiny and achieve remediation, Principles of Contaminant Hydrogeology, Second Edition demonstrates how to solve a client's site contamination problem while maximizing cost effectiveness. It focuses on small- and medium-sized firms, for which speed, accuracy, and cost are all crucial factors in the site assessment and closure process.

Based on "real world" problems, Principles of Contaminant Hydrogeology takes you step-by-step through the investigation and includes client-consultant-regulator interaction, budgets, ethics, and data extrapolation for solving problems. It introduces concepts such as field logistics, drilling techniques, sampling protocols, contaminant movement, and remediation. Regulatory personnel, hydrogeological consultants, drilling contractors, remediation contractors, university instructors, and students will benefit from the wealth of information provided in this new edition.

"The book takes you step-by-step through the investigation and includes client-consultant-regulator interaction, budgets, ethics, and data extrapolation for solving problems."
- Environmental Geology


- Geologic Frameworks for Contaminant Hydrogeologic Investigations
- Introduction
- Groundwater Occurrence and Geology of Aquifers
- A Brief Review of Unsaturated and Saturated Geologic Environments
- Introduction to Alluvial-Filled Basins and Sedimentary Depositional Environment
- A Brief Review of Groundwater Movement
- Conceptual Approach to Contaminant Hydrogeologic Investigations
- What is Important in Initial Site Aquifer Investigation Approach?
- An Example of "Changeable" Aquifers
- Contaminant Pathways - Subsurface Investigation and Monitoring Approach
- Introduction
- Contaminant Properties Affecting Transport
- Contaminant Pathways Through the Vadose Zone
- Contaminant Movement in the Aquifer
- Contaminant Movement in Fractured Rock
- Contaminant Movement Between Aquifers
- Locating the Contaminant Plume - the Initial Approach
- Overview of the Report and Data Analysis
- Example Approach to a Site Investigation
- Example of Modifying the Monitoring System at a Closed Landfill
- Summary
- Subsurface Exploration, Sampling, and Mapping
- Introduction
- Subsurface Exploration Program Approach
- Geological Data Collection Goals
- Introduction to Subsurface Drilling and Sampling
- Soil Sampling Methods
- Exploratory Borehole Logging
- Subsurface Mapping and Strata Correlation
- Example of Integrating Sampling and Drilling in a Deep Borehole
- Summary
- Groundwater Monitoring Well Design and Installation
- Introduction
- Monitoring Well Design
- Example of Monitoring Well Installation into the "A" Aquifer
- Monitoring Well Development
- Well Completions for Different Monitoring Situations
- Well Abandonment
- Groundwater Monitoring Well Sampling
- Introduction
- Sampling Plans and Protocol
- Selection of Chemical Analytical Laboratory
- Monitoring Well Sampling - Prefield Sampler Preparation
- Sample Bias
- Example - Field Protocol for Sampling a Monitoring Well
- Liquid Sampling in Vadose (Nonsaturated) Environments
- Introduction to Regulatory and Legal Framework
- Introduction
- Overview of Federal Law
- Selected State and Local Regulations
- Agency Involvement and Negotiation with the Consultant
- Expert Review
- Summary
- Introduction to General Groundwater Geochemistry
- Introduction
- Inorganic Composition and Quality
- Regulations Establishing Drinking Water Quality Standards
- Natural Contaminants
- Biological Contaminants
- Organic Chemical Contaminants
- Analytical Laboratories
- Long-Term Trends of Chemical Data Collected in Monitoring Wells
- Example: Is a Low Concentration of Contaminant Actually There?
- Aquifer Analysis
- Introduction
- Considerations Prior to the Aquifer Test
- Instantaneous Discharge Test (Slug Test)
- Pump Test Equipment
- Review of Selected Pumping Test Data Analysis
- Aquifer Testing in Fractured Rock
- Computer Modeling for Groundwater Pumping and Remediation Scenarios
- Possible Pumping Approaches for Contaminant Capture
- Summary
- Remediation and Cleanup
- Introduction
- Conceptual Approach to Site Cleanup
- Overview of Response Actions and Cleanup Technology
- Selecting Applicable Remedial Alternatives
- Screening the Applicable Remedial Alternatives
- Implementation of Corrective Action
- Finalizing the Cleanup Plan
- Example of Attaining Closure of a "Toxics" Site
- Example of Soil Vapor Cleanup for Client with Limited Funds and Marginal Site Conditions
- Example of a Closed-Loop Subsurface Bioremediation Groundwater Cleanup
- Vadose Soil Cleanup Remediation Plan Development for a 2, 4-D Spill
- References
- Index

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