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Sea-Dumped Chemical Weapons: Aspects, Problems and Solutions: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on `Sea-Dumped Chemical Munitions', Kalingrad (Moscow Region), Russia, January 12-15, 1995


Series: NATO ASI Partnership Sub-Series 1: Disarmament Technologies Volume: 7

Edited By: Alexander V Kaffka

170 pages, Figs, tabs

Kluwer Academic Publishers

Hardback | Dec 1996 | #56679 | ISBN: 0792340906
Availability: Usually dispatched within 2-3 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £149.00 $192/€163 approx

About this book

The ecological threat posed by the more than 300,000 tonnes of chemical weapons dumped in the sea after the Second World War is one that demands the urgent attention of the international community. The amount dumped represents more than three times as much as the total reported chemical arsenals of the United States and Russia. The munitions were disposed of in the shallow depths of the Northern European seas - where fishing is actively pursued - in close proximity to densely populated coastlines, with no consideration for the long-term consequences. Despite its vital importance, the issue has never been adequately scientifically analyzed. Munitions dumped in the sea are not covered by the Chemical Weapons or other arms control treaties.The NATO Advanced Science Institute held in Kaliningrad in January 1995, the proceedings of which are reported here, was the first attempt at a comprehensive coverage of the problem of chemical munitions dumped in the sea, due attention being paid to chemical, biological, technological and legal aspects.Audience: While a few parts of the book are highly specialised, most of it will interest the general public as well as policy makers, journalists and engineers. This first publication devoted to the environmental problem at the European scale will be an eye opener for millions who never knew of the highly toxic dumps in their own back yard.


1. Final Document. Welcoming Address; Mikhail Gorbachev. 2. Contributing Papers. 2.1: General. War Gases and Ammunition in the Polish Economic Zone of the Baltic Sea; E. Andrulewicz. Pre-Convention Liquidation of Soviet Chemical Weapons; L.A. Fedorov. Chemical `Echo' of the Wars; A.V. Fokin, K.K. Babievsky. Special Study on the Sea Disposal of Chemical Munitions by the United States; M.J. Frondorf. Investigation of a Dumping Area in the Skagerrak, 1992; P.O. Granbom. Sea-Dumped Chemical Weapons and the Chemical Weapons Convention; T. Stock. How to Save the Baltics from Ecological Disaster; B.T. Surikov. 2.2: Technological Aspects. Unexploded Ordnance Devices: Detection, Recovery and Disposal; R. Haber, J. Hedtmann. The Technological Problems with Sea-Dumped Chemical Weapons from the Standpoint of Defence Conversion Industries; V.N. Konkov. Technological Questions of Safe Elimination of CW Dumps on the Baltic Sea Bed; L.P. Malyshev. Application of Anti-Filtering Coatings for Localisation of Toxic Warfare Chemicals in the Baltic Sea Area; V.G. Plotnikov, et al. Chemical-Analytical Control of Environmental Pollution by Warfare Agents and their Degradation Products; Yu.I. Savin, et al. 2.3: Chemical Aspects. Chemical Weapons on the Seabed; G.V. Lisichkin. Reaction Products of Chemical Agents by Thermodynamic Calculations; F. Volk. Bacterial Biodegradation of Nitrate Ester Explosives; G.F. White, et al. Chemical Weapons Dumping and White Sea Contamination.

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