Books  Animal & General Biology  General Biology 

Symmetry as a Developmental Principle in Nature and Art

By: W Hahn

World Scientific Publishing

Hardback | Dec 1998 | #60896 | ISBN: 9810223633
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About this book

Pictorial examples from this text illustrate how, as desired, not form-identical but derived forms can be developed from a two- and three-dimensional structured original form (basal form) via intermediate forms (bridging forms). In the midline-orientated sensory constructions which unfold in the course of time, special, unique and surprising things appear - spontaneously, conspicuously and unexpectedly - through self-reflections. Part One concentrates on the phenomenon of symmetry, a phenomenon which could hardly be more manifold. Here, an object of knowledge was taken up which promised to overcome the fragmentation of science into individual disciplines, and of thinking and action into specializations that had become mutually intelligible. Part Two deals particularly with biological questions. It discusses points of contact between form-developing processes in nature and art that provide a theory of form, its development and its transformations. The collection of data on perception and knowledge with regard to the postulated reality of symmetry then leads to a further development of the evolutionary theory of symmetry in Part Three. Facts and problems of an evolutionary concept of symmetry in its applicability to many fields of dead and living nature, to the liberal arts and natural sciences, are presented here for discussion.


Part 1 On the concept and significance of symmetry: the discovery of symmetry; on the term symmetry from the Antiquity to the Renaissance; the development of an exact concept of symmetry through scientific progress; on symmetry and asymmetry as evolutionary factors in nature; the development of an evolutionary concept of symmetry; evolutionary symmetrizations in two and three dimensions; on the syntax and semantics of symmetrism. Part 2 On the problem of organic formation: can an artist approach the world and its content only in a metaphorical way?; evolution as a fairy tale, theory or fact?; can we observe evolution directly? Part 3 Evolutionism/ars evolutoria - the theory of light/colour and form, morphogenesis, morpho-mutability and morpho-evolution as causal form theory: on the question whether there can be a pre-object, pre-morph "life process of form" in nature and art; preliminary evidence and proof for the principle of symmetrization as a form of trend in space and time; causes and processes of morphological evolution; essential facts and interpretations; the architects symmetrization and asymmetrization as the basis for the perception of things and orders as well as insight behaviour, cultural evolution; reanimation of modernism using integrating Neo-Renaissance; evolutionary symmetry theory and universal evolution theory.

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