Part 1 Environmental ethics: attitudes to nature, John Passmore; should trees have standing? - toward legal rights for natural objects, Christopher D. Stone; the rights of animals and unborn generations, Joel Feinberg; ways not to think about plastic trees - new foundations for environmental law, Laurence H. Tribe; on preserving the natural environment, Mark Sagoff; ideals of human excellence and preserving natural environments, Thomas E. Hill; faking nature, Robert Elliott; the shallow and the deep, long-range ecology movement - a summary, Arne Naess; duties of preservation, Donald H. Regan; nature, self and gender - feminism, environmental philosophy and the critique of rationalism, Val Plumwood. Part 2 Environmental action: the tragedy of the Commons, Garrett Hardin; the environmental crisis - a critique of neo-Hobbesian responses, K.J. Walker; a blueprint for survival, Edward Goldsmith et al; bioregionalism - a new way to treat the land, Kirkpatrick Sale; new social movements - challenging the boundaries of institutional politics, Claus Offe; ecosabotage and civil disobedience, Michael Martin; ecology and discursive democracy - beyond liberal capitalism and the administrative state, John S. Dryzek; technological politics, Langdon Winner; Buddhist economics, E.F. Schumacher; the economics of the coming spaceship Earth, Kenneth E. Boulding; the post-war literature on externalities - an interpretative essay, E.J. Mishan; prices as regulatory instruments, Thomas C. Schelling; the conservation criterion, Talbot Page; the social discount rate, Derek Parfit; international ethics and the environmental crisis, Robert E. Goodin.