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The Subtropical Vegetation of Southwestern China: Plant Distribution, Diversity and Ecology

  • Pioneering method: the first detailed quantitative analysis of the subtropical vegetation in China
  • The first presentation of a number of tree species that survived the Ice Age

Series: Plant and Vegetation (formerly Geobotany) Volume: 11

By: Cindy Q Tang(Author)

360 pages, 51 colour & 101 b/w illustrations, 45 tables


Hardback | May 2015 | #222334 | ISBN-13: 9789401797405
Availability: Usually dispatched within 1 week Details
NHBS Price: £108.00 $139/€118 approx

About this book

The first presentation of the special character, uniqueness, and value of the subtropical vegetation of southwestern China, seen also as a result of geological events and evolution, and in terms of correspondence with ecological factors and in response to human activities. Included are comparisons and links with similar systems around the world. A clear, concise account of the patterns and processes of the subtropical vegetation of a huge area of SW China is presented in The Subtropical Vegetation of Southwestern China. The frequent use of line illustrations and color maps and photos leads the reader into an exhaustive analysis of this sometimes complex topic. Of particular importance are several Tertiary relict forests that only recently have been identified and studied.

For the first time an important subtropical vegetation in China is synthesized and presented in an up-to-date fashion. By documenting the present state of the subtropical vegetation, one of China's ecological treasures, The Subtropical Vegetation of Southwestern China will serve as a point of departure for future researchers as they trace and interpret the evolution of the natural environment.


Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Environmental setting
      1.1.1 Physiography     
      1.1.2 Climate
      1.1.3 Geology
      1.2.4 Soils
1.2 Vegetation changes over geological time
      1.2.1 Vegetation in the Early Tertiary
      1.2.2 Vegetation in the Late Tertiary
      1.2.3 Vegetation in the Quaternary
1.3 Floristics and vegetation
1.4 Human influences

Chapter 2 Evergreen broad-leaved forests
2.1 Forest types
2.2 Species diversity
2.3 Leaf size patterns of evergreen broad-leaved species along the altitudinal gradient
      2.3.1 Floristic changes in evergreen broad-leaved trees by altitudes
      2.3.2 Leaf size changes along the altitudinal gradient
      2.3.3 Leaf traits in the differentiation of forest types
2.4 Structure and dynamics of primary forests
2.5 Secondary succession
      2.5.1 Successional trends
      2.5.2 Species diversity along the succession gradient
      2.5.3 Soil seed banks
2.6 Threats of habitat fragmentation and degradation

Chapter 3 Evergreen sclerophyllous Quercus forests
3.1 Distribution and community types
3.2 Species diversity and dynamics

Chapter 4 Warm temperate coniferous forests
4.1 Distribution and forest types
4.2 Dynamics of Pinus yunnanensis forests after a major fire
     4.2.1 Community structure and regeneration
     4.2.2 Succession
     4.2.3 A model on successional pathway

Chapter 5 Man-made forests
5.1 Controversial opinions
5.2 Plant diversity and regeneration     
5.3 Hydrological characteristics and nutrient loss
5.4 Nutrient cycling
     5.4.1 Litter production and nutrient inputs
     5.4.2 Soil chemical properties
5.5 Ecosystem processes

Chapter 6 Semi-savannas in hot-dry valleys
6.1 Characteristics of hot-dry valleys
6.2 Semi-savannas
      6.2.1 Sparse woody grassland
      6.2.2 Thorny succulent shrubland

Chapter 7 Endemism and Tertiary relict forests
7.1 Endemism
7.2 Tertiary relict forests
      7.2.1 The Ginkgo biloba forest
   Ginkgo biloba
   Forest community structure and floristic composition
   Population structure and ecological characteristics
      7.2.2 The Metasequoia glyptostroboides forest
   Metasequoia glyptostroboides
   Distribution and habitats
   Forest community structure
   Population structure
      7.2.3 The Thuja sutchuenensis forest
   Thuja sutchuenensis
   Forest community structure
   Regeneration dynamics
   Population age structure and regeneration modes
   Thuja sutchuenensis as compared to the other Thuja species
      7.2.4 The Davidia involucrata forest
   Davidia involucrata
   Age structure and regeneration modes
   Tree dispersion patterns
   Ecological performance
      7.2.5 The Tetracentron sinense forest
   Tetracentron sinense
   Forest community structure
   Size and age structure
   Regeneration modes
   Natural disturbance and persistence
      7.2.6 The Liriodendron chinense forest with special reference to village fengshui forest
   Liriodendron chinense
   Habitats and forest community structure
   Population structure
   Regeneration patterns and processes
   Associated fengshui forest
     7.2.7 Tertiary relict trees and their habitats

Chapter 8 Relations to relevant regions
8.1 Phytogeographic considerations
8.2 Subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forests of SW China as compared to those in other regions
     8.2.1 As compared with other Chinese regions
 Forest communities, species distribution and composition
 Effects of environmental factors on species diversity
     8.2.2 As compared with Japan
 Forest communities and species diversity
 Forest structure and dynamics    
 Forest succession
     8.2.3 As compared with SE Asia
 Characteristics of flora
 Altitudinal vegetation zones
     8.2.4 As compared with the eastern Himalayas
 Characteristics of vegetation


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