288 pages, 50 illustrations
This book provides a guide to the use and meaning of toxicological and ecological information in the paper industry. For example, the information provided by suppliers of paper chemicals to paper mills is analysed in detail. This allows for greater understanding by users and therefore awareness of the possible implications of handling a given chemical with respect to its impact on the working environment, the final product and the environment beyond the mill. The information currently available is collected, summarised and systematised so that users bombarded with inconsistent Safety Data Sheets can make intelligent use of them or can ask sensible questions of their suppliers. Emphasis is on providing guidance on how to find a commercially realistic path between over evaluation and under evaluation of potential health and environmental risks.
'a clearly written and concise guide to the terminology and its broader meaning.'
"Mark Macaulay, Paper technology, July 2001"
Toxicology: Toxicity; Acute studies; Short-term (repeated dose) studies; Long term studies; Chemical Irritancy and Corrosive Effects: The skin; The eye; Respiratory irritation; Chemical Allergies: The immune system; Chemical hypersensitivity; Contact hypersensitivity (allergic contact dermatitis); Respiratory hypersensitivity (Occupational asthma); How to test for allergic reactions; Genetic Toxicology and Carcinogenicity: Mutagenicity; Genetic toxicity testing; Testing for chemical carcinogenicity; Reproductive Toxicology: Reproductive toxicity testing; Ecotoxicology: Aquatic toxicity testing; Short term (acute) and long term (chronic) effects; Test design; Test species; Vertebrates; Invertebrates; Aquatic plants; Chemical Persistence and Bioaccumulation: Biodegradation; BOD and COD tests; Bioaccumulation; Classification and Labelling of Chemicals According to Their Hazardous Nature: Europe, Canada; USA; Handling Chemicals in the Workplace: Risk assessment; Chemical hazards; Regulatory Affairs: Chemical inventories; Food contact regulations; Ecolabelling; HPV programme; Issues of concern; The Material Safety Data Sheet: How to deal with toxicological or ecotoxicological data gaps; Chemical summary sheets; Glossary of terms
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