Dedication. Preface. Introduction. List of Authors. Reports. Some Problems Concerning Biological Threats; M. Bartoszcze, J. Mierzejewski. Technologies for Monitoring the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention: An Emerging Consensus? M.R. Dando. Robotics Mission to Mars from Exobiological Point of View; A.V. Zakharov. Dormancy in Non-Sporulating Bacteria: Its Significance for Environmental Monitoring; A.S. Kaprelyants, et al. Monitoring the Bacterial Neuston; V. Ivanov. The Past, Present and Future of Luminometric Methods in Biological Detection; M. Bartoszcze, A. Bielawska. Environmental Applications of the NRL Flow Immunosensor; A.W. Kusterbeck, et al. Capillary Electrophoresis/Nucleic Acid Probe Identification of Biological Warfare Agent Simulants; C.A. Boulet, et al. Rapid Method for Bacterial Counting in the Milk by Using Biosensor Based on E. coli Cells; S.G. Ignatov. Tiny-TOF Mass Spectrometer for Biodetection; W.A. Bryden, et al. Intelligent Systems for the Characterization of Microorganisms from Hyperspectral Data; R. Goodacre, et al. Field Applications of Flow Cytometry; P.J. Stopa, et al. A Portable Flow Cytometer for the Detection and Identification of Microorganisms; H.M. Davey, D.B. Kell. Biodiversity of Bacterial Populations Monitored by Flow Cytometry; E. Stabnikova. Measurement of Biological Aerosol with a Fluorescent Aerodynamic Particle Sizer (Flaps): Correlation of Optical Data with Biological Data; J. Ho, et al. Measurement of Biological Aerosols in an Aerosol Chamber; Z. Krocova, et al. Development of PCR-Based Assays for the Detection and Molecular Genotyping of Microorganisms of Importance to Biological Warfare; V.G. Delvecchio, et al. Use of Taqman, Light Cycler, and Confocal Microscopy to Detect Specific PCR; V.G. Delvecchio, R. Redkar. Evaluation of the Polymerase Chain Reaction Assays for Identifying Biological Agents; E.A. Henchal, M.S. Ibrahim. Identification of Pathogens Using Single/Double Strand Conformation Polymorphism (SSCP/DSCP) Analysis; M.T.C. Offermans, et al. Use of PCR for Identification and Detection of Biological Agents; H. Garrigue, et al. Comparative Performance of Conventional and Molecular Dosimetry Methods in Environmental Biomonitoring: Assessment using Bacillus-based Commercial Biopesticides as Models; V.L. Seligy, et al. Workshop Conclusions. Appendixes.