Part 1 Introduction: constructing, contesting and situating forestry in West Africa - an introduction. Part 2 Historical considerations: representing West African forests in British Imperial discourse, c.1800-1900; redefining forestry space and threatening livelihoods in colonial Northern Nigeria; shaping socio-ecological and historical knowledge of deforestation in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Togo. Part 3 Cultural negotiations: trees and the domestication of power in Asante thought; forest spirits and the negotiation of ethnicity and gender among the Jola; community, forestry and conditionality in the Gambia. Part 4 Institutional mediations; assessing conservation-with-development in Cross River National Park, Nigeria; questioning ownership, management and sustainability of eucalyptus plantations on reclaimed land on Nigeria's Jos Plateau; turning Senegal's forestry policy around (from exclusion to participation?). Part 5 Environmental inter(e)actions: cattle and trees in the West African Savanna; the economic and social dimensions of environmental change in Riparian forests of the Nigerian Sahel; non-timber forest products in the woody savannas of Benin Republic; farmers, forestry and fractured environmentalisms in Ghana's forest zones.