List of contributors. Preface. Section I: Ecology and Ecophysiology. Frost Resistance and the Distribution of Conifers; P. Bannister, G. Neuner. Genecology and Gene Resource Management Strategies for Conifer Cold Hardiness; S.N. Aitken, M. Hannerz. Section II: Acclimation and Deacclimation. Cold Acclimation and Deacclimation of Shoots and Roots of Conifer Seedlings; F.J. Bigras, et al. Mechanisms of Frost Survival and Freeze-Damage in Nature; M.-L. Sutinen, et al. Xylem Cavitation and Freezing in Conifers; J.S. Perry, D.J. Robson. Metabolic Changes During Cold Acclimation and Subsequent Freezing and Thawing; G. Oquist, et al. Biochemical and Biophysical Changes in Relation to Cold Hardiness; J.J. Zwiazek, et al. Molecular Biology of Conifer Frost Tolerance and Potential Applications to Tree Breeding; D. Clapham, et al. Section III: Seedling Production and Reforestation. Influence of Nursery Cultural Practices on Cold Hardiness of Coniferous Forest Tree Seedlings; S.J. Colombo, et al. Frost-Related Problems in the Establishment of Coniferous Forests; M.J. Krasowski, D.G. Simpson. Section IV: Impacts of Biotic and Abiotic Factors. Interaction of Microorganisms, Insects, and Freezing Injury on Conifers; D.K. Manter, W.H. Livingstone. Impacts of Climate Change on Cold Hardiness of Conifers; H. Hanninen, et al. Impacts of Air Pollutants on Cold Hardiness; L. Sheppard, H. Pfanz. Section V: Methods and Analysis of Cold Hardiness. Methods for Measuring Cold Hardiness of Conifers; K.E. Burr, et al. The Analysis of Cold Hardiness Experiments; M. Bernier-Cardou, F.J. Bigras. Modelling Cold Hardiness Development and Loss in Conifers; D.H. Greer, et al. Section VI: Species Examples. Cold Hardiness of Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.); T. Repo, et al. Red Spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) Cold Hardiness and Freezing Injury Susceptibility; D.H. DeHayes, et al. Cold Hardiness of Yellow-Cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis (D.Don) Spach); B.J. Hawkins, et al. Cold Hardiness of Radiata Pine (Pinus radiata D. Don); D.H. Greer, et al. Index of species. Index of subjects.