This volume presents developments and practical implementations in the theoretical, numerical and applicable aspects of computer analysis, simulation, modelling, control and forecasting for environmental applications. The contributions come from managers, scientists and engineers attending the Eighth International Conference on this subject. Topics covered include: health and pollution; fluid dynamics; environmental management and decision analysis; chemistry, physics and biology; satellite data, image processing and remote sensing; renewable energies; databases; and software implementation.
Keynote Address: Environmental data, software, information and resources on The Internet: a review. Section 1: Air Pollution - Multiple linear regression modelling for short-term real-time prediction of hourly ozone, NO2 and NO levels in the area of Bilbao; Prediction of ground level ozone concentration using artificial neural network modelling; A coupled boundary element-adaptive finite element model for species transport in atmospheric boundary layers; Experimental verification of 3D flow-dynamic computer code to be used for environmental pollution control; Some proposals about the vector and parallel implementations of STEM-II; Operational air pollution forecasting and management system over Bilbao; A software for an air quality modeling system. Section 2: Water and Soil Pollution - Predicting stream water quality using Artificial Neural Networks (ANN); Packed column flotation model for the selective separation of contaminated dredged sediment; Application of developed methodology for the study of non-stationary pollution of the river Vrbas (B&H); Development of a numerical model to predict pesticide volatilisation from agricultural soil; Environmental monitoring, modeling, and management and Bayesian Belief networks; An expert system aiding permit writers for point source discharges; Impact and control of urban wastewater disposed into the agricultural drainage system: a case study from Egypt; A prototype Bayesian belief network for the diagnosis of acidification in Welsh rivers. Section 3: Mathematical Modelling - Sensitivity analysis applied to a water quality model for dissolved oxygen. Application to an irrigation channel in a Valencian community, Spain; A study of the SP field produced by a polarized sphere in an electrically homogeneous and transversely anisotropic ground; Hydrodynamic and water quality river basin modeling using CE-QUAL-W2 version 3; Upscaling NAPL transport: Direct calculation of local properties on a network. Section 4: Environmental Sciences and Engineering - Design in nature; PRUS a DSS for multicriteria integrated solid waste management; Reservoir thermal modeling using CE-QUAL-W2; Kinetics of aerobic degradation of toluene by a tropical isolated soil bacterium. Section 5: Meteorology and Climatology - An atmosphere-ocean model: Code optimization and application to El Nino; An atmospheric water vapor cycle model for evaluating large-scale effects of Alpine land use changes on the atmospheric water cycle; Climate analysis routines using Python; Modelling solar radiation, evapotranspiration and soil water dynamics in tropical rainforest logging gaps in Guyana. Section 6: Surface and Groundwater Hydrology - Validation and calibration of a 3D tidal model of the Hauraki Gulf; Environmental management in a road information management system; Investigation of the barrier effect for stream-aquifer interaction; Water balance model development and application in a closed drainage basin. Section 7: Environmental Management and Decision Analysis - Example of application of the GeoEnviron Database for mapping of potentially contaminated sites and preliminary risk assessment in Slovak Republic; The power of EQuIS in environmental management and decision analysis: case studies in Colorado; Continuous stockpile management to reduce waste in the mining industry; Numerical analysis of the fate of nitrogen in the profile root zone of an agricultural field; Integrated modelling for waste management planning. Section 8: Databases - Marine environmental database of the Adriatic sea with application for managing and visualisation of data; Generation of a Test Reference Year of global solar radiation from a Test Reference Year of Temperature. Section 9: Satellite Data, Image Processing and Remote Sensing - Bogs: surface patterns and pattern classification; A software for agricultural and drought monitoring using NOAA-AVHRR images. Section 10: Software Models - Interfacing environmental models through World Wide Web; The evaluation of hydraulic effects of different pumping rates in the polluted aquifer by numerical modelling; Environmental management with VULCAN; Water budget software; Computer-based methods in environmental data organization and management; Contemporary software solutions in designing the real-time environmental information systems; EcoSSe - Eco Spatial Statistical evaluation; Towards the simulation of integrated urban drainage systems; Implementation of the multi-software solution for the on-the-fly calculation of the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) as a drought indicator for South African environment; Atmospheric dispersion code and radioecologic and dosimetric impact code interfacing - Use of geographical information system software functions; Comparison of the SAFE_AIR code numerical results against wind tunnel measurements on a two-stack waste incinerator model.
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