Introduction. 1. Some Observations Relating to the Global Agricultural Situation; Y. Abt. 2. Combating Poverty with Plants; D. Pasternak. Part I: Potential Germplasm for Arid Lands. 3. The Role of Horticulture Plants in Combating Desertification; T.A. Mtaita, et al. 4. Terfezias, a Family of Mycorrhizal Edible Mushrooms for Arid Zones; V. Kagan-Zur. 5. The Role and Potential of Traditional Tuber Crops in Malawi; M.F.A. Maliro. 6. Honeybees and Nectariferous Plants in the Desert are an Important Factor to Sustain Modern Agriculture; D. Eisikowitch. 7. Importance of Non-Wood Forest Product as Source of Rural Women's Income in Western Burkina Faso; N. Lamien, G. Vognan. 8. Ethnobotany and Importance of Three Local Species in Northern Cameroon; J.M. Fondoun, J. Onana. 9. Potentials of Non-Wood Forest Products of the Semiarid Regions of Uganda; J.P. Elokaokich. 10. Biodiversity Prospecting in Drylands of Latin America; B.N. Timmermann. 11. Provenance Trial for Indigenous Tree Species: Schinziophyton rautanenii schinz; L. Simwanda. Part II: Introduction, Domestication and Dissemination of Arid Land Plants. 12. Introduction and Selection of Drought and Salt Tolerant Plants for Afforestation and Landscaping in Arid Lands; Y.B. Dov, et al. 13. The Screening of Multipurpose Tree Species for Agroforestry Practices in the Semiarid Ecozone of Ghana; J. Cobbina. 14. Results of 50-years of Studies on Afforestation as related to the Problem of Desertification Control in Ciscaspian Lowland in Russia; M.L. Sizemskaya, et al. 15. Citrullus colocynthis, an Israeli Desert Plant, as a Potential Source of Edible Oil; D. Schafferman, et al. 16. Euphorbia tirucalli for High Biomass Production; P.L.J. Van Damme. 17. Boraginaceae as Potential Sources of Gamma-Linolenic Acid; H.F. Rappoport, et al. 18. Root Involvement in Plant Development and Productivity under Semiarid Conditions; A. Carmi. 19. Acacia mearnsii for Income Generation and Environmental Protection in Kenya; N.M. Onchere. 20. Potential of Australian Acacias for Human Food; T. Rinaudo. 21. The Effect of Shade on Initial Growth, Development and Occurrences of Leaf Diseases in Wild Indigenous Fruit Trees; S.M. Mateke. 22. Afforestation of Semiarid Areas of Tanzania: Focusing on the Root Compartment; E. Munyanziza. 23. Introduction of Cacti as Vegetable Crops for Israel; A. Nerd, et al. 24. Upscaling the Experimental Planting of Argania spinosa at Kibbutz Ketura, Israel; E.M. Solowey. 25. Mungbean (Cigna radiata L.), a Choice Crop for Improvement of Human and Soil Health in Southern Africa; M.L. Chadha. 26. Many Problems and Some Solutions to the Commercialisation of NTFPs in Botswana; F.W. Taylor. 27. Fighting Desertification by Production and Use of Jatropha Oil; R.K. Henning. Part III: Land Rehabilitation. 28. Combating Desertification with Seabuckthorn; L. Rongsen. 29. Reversing Desertification with Tamarix in China; W. Liu, M. Liu. 30. Bioreclamation of Saline Soils of the Western Coast of Senegal; M. Diatta, et al. 31. Utilizing the Underground Forest: Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration of Trees; T. Rinaudo. 32. Sand Dune Stabilization with Plants in China; W. Shen. 33. Development of a Technology for Sand Dune Stabilization in Northern Nigeria; O. Babalola. 34. Sand Dune Stabilization Practices Implemented in Turkey; B. Cevik. 35. Desertification in the West Bank and Gaza Strip; I. Nofal, T. Barakhat. 36. Reversing Desertification through Large, Herding Ungulates; S. Horst. Part IV: Mechanisms of Plant Transfer. 37. Passive Transfer: The Eden Experience in Niger; A.V. Garvi. 38. Response to Agroforestry Intervention: The Case of Subsistence Farmers in Semiarid Homa Bay District, Kenya; A.A. Kaudia. 39. FAO, Plants and Sustainable Development in Drylands; M.C.M. Porto. 40. Combating Desertification with Trees: the Uganda Experience; R. Mubiru. 41. Promoting Indigenous Tree Species Plantation in the Sahel, with Special Reference to Burkina Faso; A. Nikiema. 42. Incorporating Tree and Shrub Species into Small Scale Farming Systems in the Dry Region of Indonesia; A.P. Djogo. 43. Obstacles to the Adoption of Cover Crops: The Mucuna in Benin; E.N. Houngbo. Index.