List of contributors; Part I. The Urban Environment: 1. Urbanism, urbanisation, health and human biology: an introduction Lawrence M. Schell and Stanley J. Ulijaszek; 2. Urbanisation and urbanism in industrialised nations, 1850-present: implications for health A. J. McMichael; 3. Urban development and change: present patterns and future prospects David Clark; 4. Traditional environments: health and the perception of permanence in urban micro-environments R. Huss-Ashmore and C. Behrman; Part II. Epidemiology: 5. Emerging infectious diseases: biology and behaviour in the inner city George DiFerdinando; 6. Fecundity and ovarian function in urban environments P. T. Ellison; 7. Pollution and child health L. M. Schell and A. D. Stark; 8. Urbanism and health in industrialised Asia J. Peters; Part III. Poverty and Health: 9. Urban poverty and nutrition in the United Kingdom E. Dowler; 10. Poverty, nutrition and obesity in the USA F. E. Johnston and P. Gordon-Larsen; 11. Nutritional status and its health consequences among low-income urban pregnant women: diet and environmental toxicants S. Czerwinski; Part IV. Behavior and Stress: 12. Urbanism and psychosocial stress Tessa M. Pollard; 13. Physical activity, lifestyle and health of urban populations S. J. Ulijaszek; 14. HIV transmission in urban environments: London and beyond M. Parker; Part V. The Future: 15. The future of urban environments S. J. Ulijaszek and L. M. Schell; Index.