Books  Sustainable Development  Agriculture & Food 

Structure and Function in Agroecosystem Design and Management

Series: Advances in Agroecology Series Volume: 6

Edited By: Masae Shiyomi and Hiroshi Koizumi

CRC Press

Hardback | Dec 2001 | #126988 | ISBN: 0849309042
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £92.00 $117/€110 approx

About this book

Structure and Function in Agroecosystem Design and Management presents an advanced discussion of the need to design agricultural systems that 1) increase reliance on biological interactions in agroecosystems as a means of decreasing dependence on the use of large quantities of agrochemicals and the consumption of fossil fuel energy and 2) continue to produce optimal crop yields. Written by international experts, this book discusses biological interactions, matter circulation, and disturbance operating within the agroecosystems in question. The book covers matter cycling and focuses on reducing practices that require the consumption of large quantities of agrochemicals and fossil fuels. The editors then explore the effects of environmental changes and how they will change the management of the next generation of agroecosystems.Is it possible to replace current technologies based on fossil energy with proper interactions operating between crops, livestock, and other organisms to enhance production? If the answer is yes, then modern agriculture can be transformed into an integrated system in which the use of complex biotic interactions is the key technology. Structure and Function in Agroecosystem Design and Management focuses on how can work when designed according to sound ecological practices, and provides the foundation to manage them in an ecologically efficient manner.


Contents

Introduction. BIOLOGICAL INTERACTIONS IN AGROECOSYSTEMS. Biodiversity in Agroecosystems and Bioindicators of Environmental Health. Species Diversity in Grasslands. Ecological Management of Crop-Weed Interactions. Utilization of Biological Interactions and Matter Cycling in Agriculture. Biological Interaction in Tropical Grassland Ecosystems. Agroecology of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Activity. Species Structure and Abundance of Invertebrate Natural Enemies in Sustainable Agroecosystems. Plant Disease and Plant Ecology. MATTER CYCLING IN AGROECOSYSTEMS. Carbon Cycling in Croplands. Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Temperate Zone Arable Lands. Impacts of Grazing on the Ecosystems. Environmental Fate of Pesticides. The Effect of Evolved Atmospheric CO2 on Grazed Grassland. EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES ON THE STRUCTURE OF AGROECOSYSTEMS. Impact of Grazing on Soil Properties in Steppe Ecosystems. Changing Soil Biological Health in Agroecosystems. Nitrogen Cycle and Agriculture. Under Free-Air CO2 Enrichment. Effects of Climactic Change in Finland on Growth and Yield Formation of Wheat and Meadow Fescue.

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