1: Introduction; C. Carraro, D. Siniscalco. 2: General Issues and Evidence. 2.1. Global Effects of the European Carbon Tax; G. Nicoletti, J. Oliveira-Martins. 2.2. Distributional Effects of a European Carbon Tax; S. Smith. 2.3. Carbon Taxes and Energy Markets; A. Ingham, A. Ulph, D. Ulph. 3: Country Studies. 3.1 Carbon Taxation in Germany: Approaches and Prospective Effects; H. Welsch. 3.2. The Use of Economic Models for Analyzing Environmental Problems: the Case of the Greenhouse Effect for France; E. Beaumais, P. Zagame. 3.3. The EC Carbon Tax and Energy Demand in the United Kingdom; D. Hodgson. 3.4. The Welfare Effect of a Carbon Tax for China; R. Clarke. 3.5. Environmental and Economic Effects of the European Tax: the Italian Case; A. Lanza, G. Sammarco. 3.6. Airborne Toxic ("Big 5") and GHG CO2 Emissions: Italy 1991-1995; P.L. Fano. 4: The Policy Debate. 4.1. Stabilizing CO2 Emissions in Europe: Individual Stabilization versus Harmonization of Carbon Taxes; M. Hoel. 4.2. The Carbon Tax: Economic and Policy Issues; T. Barker. 4.3. Is the European Carbon Tax Really Effective? M. Botteon, C. Carraro.