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Groundwater Modelling Using Geographical Information Systems

By: George F Pinder

256 pages, Figs, tabs

John Wiley & Sons

Hardback | Jul 2002 | #128272 | ISBN: 0471084980
Availability: Usually dispatched within 5 days Details
NHBS Price: £90.00 $114/€106 approx

About this book

Covers fundamentals of flow modelling, then applies them to incorporatinmg GIS analysis in groundwater modelling.


Contents

Preface. 1. Flow Modeling. 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Areal Extent of a Model. 1.3 Hydrological Boundaries to the Model. 1.4 Compilation of Geological Information. 1.4.1 Unconsolidated Environments. 1.4.2 Consolidated Rocks. 1.4.3 Metamorphic Rocks. 1.4.4 Igneous Rocks. 1.4.5 Representation of Geological Units. 1.5 Compilation of Hydrological Information. 1.5.1 Geohydrological Parameters. 1.5.2 Boundary Conditions. 1.5.3 Stresses. 1.6 Water Table Condition. 1.6.1 Near Surface Aquifer Zone. 1.6.2 Sharp Interface Approximation of the Water Table. 1.6.3 Variably Saturated Water Table Formulation. 1.6.4 Comparison of the Sharp Interface and Variably Saturated Formulations. 1.7 Physical Dimensions of the Model. 1.7.1 Vertical Integration of the Flow Equation. 1.7.2 Free Surface Condition. 1.8 Model Size. 1.9 Model Discretization. 1.9.1 Finite Difference Approximations. 1.9.2 Finite Element Approximations. 1.9.3 Two Space Dimensional Approximations. 1.10 Finite Difference Approximation to the Flow Equation. 1.10.1 Model Boundary Conditions. 1.10.2 Model Initial Conditions. 1.11 Finite Element Approximation to the Flow Equation. 1.11.1 Boundary Conditions. 1.11.2 Initial Conditions. 1.12 Parameters. 1.13 Fractured and Cavernous Media. 1.14 Model Stresses. 1.14.1 Well Discharge or Recharge. 1.14.2 Rainfall. 1.14.3 Multiple Stress Periods. 1.15 Finite Element Mesh. 1.16 Simulation. 1.16.1 Solution Algorithm. 1.16.2 Bandwidth. 1.16.3 Running PTC. 1.17 Output. 1.18 Calibration. 1.18.1 Model Building Guidelines. 1.18.2 Model Evaluation Guidelines. 1.18.3 Additional Data Collection and Model Development Guidelines. 1.18.4 Uncertainty Evaluation Guidelines. 1.18.5 Some Rules of Thumb. 1.19 Production Runs. 1.20 Summary. References. 2. Transport Modeling. 2.1 Compilation of Water Quality Information. 2.2 Physical Dimensions. 2.3 Model Size. 2.4 Transport Equation. 2.4.1 Equilibrium or Adsorption Isotherms. 2.4.2 Mass Flux. 2.4.3 Example of Retardation. 2.5 Chemical Reactions. 2.6 Model Boundary Conditions. 2.7 Finite Element Approximation. 2.8 Boundary Conditions. 2.8.1 First Type Boundary Condition. 2.8.2 Second Type Boundary Condition. 2.8.3 Third Type Boundary Condition. 2.9 Initial Conditions. 2.10 Model Parameters. 2.11 Model Stresses. 2.12 Running the Model. 2.13 Output. 2.14 Calibration. 2.15 Production Runs. 2.16 Summary. References. 3. Finite Element versus Finite Difference Simulation. 3.1 Elementary Application. 3.1.1 Groundwater Flow. 3.1.2 Groundwater Transport. 3.2 Comparison of Methods. 3.2.1 Graphical User Interfaces. 3.2.2 Model Formulation and Implementation. 3.2.3 Groundwater Flow. 3.2.4 Groundwater Transport. 3.3 Summary. Index.

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Biography

GEORGE F. PINDER, PhD, is a professor in the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department and a professor of mathematics and statistics at the University of Vermont in Burlington.