List of illustrations; Acknowledgments; Abbreviations; Editorial methods; Chronology; Introduction; 1. The world of Dr Francisco Hernandez Dora B. Weiner; 2. Philip II: imperial obligations and scientific vision Peter O'Malley Pierson; Part I. The Intellectual Milieu of Hernandez: 3. The classical tradition in Renaissance Spain and new trends in philology, medicine and materia medica Rafael Chabran; 4. Francisco Hernandez, Renaissance man Simon Varey; 5. Hernandez in Mexico: exile and censorship? Carmen Benito-Vessels; Part II. Medical Knowledge and Practices in New Spain: 6. Regulation of medical practitioners in the age of Francisco Hernandez John Jay Tepaske; 7. Shelter and care for natives and colonists: hospitals in sixteenth-century New Spain Guenter B. Risse; 8. Illness, epidemics, and displaced classes in sixteenth-century New Spain Elsa Malvido; 9. Anthropology, reason, and the dictates of faith in the Antiquities of Francisco Hernandez David A. Boruchoff; Entr'acte Rafael Chabran and Simon Varey; Part III. The Dissemination of Hernandez's Knowledge: 10. The reception of American drugs in Europe, 1500-1650 J. Worth Estes; 11. The contribution of Hernandez to European botany and materia medica Jose M. Lopez Pinero and Jose Parso Tomas; 12. Hernandez in the Netherlands and England Rafael Chabran and Simon Varey; 13. Hernandez and Spanish painting in the seventeenth century Maria Jose Lopez Terrada; 14. Globalizing the Natural History Jaime Vilchis; 15. The circulation of the work of Hernandez in nineteenth-century Spain Leoncio Lopez-Ocon; Part IV. Postscript: Continuing Traditions of Mexican Medicine: 16. Latino Catholic civilization: patterns of health and demography David Hayes-Bautista; 17. The popular legacy of Francisco Hernandez Simon Varey and Rafael Chabran; Glossary; Index.