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The Cambridge History of Science, Volume 5: The Modern Physical and Mathematical Sciences

Series: The Cambridge History of Science Series Volume: 5

Edited By: Mary Jo Nye

816 pages, Illus

Cambridge University Press

Hardback | Dec 2002 | #131556 | ISBN: 0521571995
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £160.00 $201/€188 approx

About this book

A narrative and interpretative history of the physical and mathematical sciences from the early nineteenth century to the close of the twentieth century. Drawing upon the most recent methods and results in historical studies of science, the authors of over thirty chapters employ strategies from intellectual history, social history, and cultural studies to provide unusually wide-ranging and comprehensive insights into developments in the public culture, disciplinary organization, and cognitive content of the physical and mathematical sciences. The sciences under study in the volume include physics, astronomy, chemistry and mathematics, as well as their extensions into geosciences and environmental sciences, computer science, and biomedical science. Scientific traditions and scientific changes are examined; the roles of instruments, languages, and images in everyday practice are analyzed; the theme of scientific 'revolution' is scrutinized; and the interactions of the sciences with literature, religion, and ideology are examined.

'I have spent two months dipping into this book to find out about a wide range of subjects ! I am happy to report that it let me down rarely: there was usually a helpful and adaquately reference passage to furnish at least the beginning of an answer to my questions ! I warmly recommend this pricey book as good value, even for cash-strapped libraries.' Graham Farmelo, Times Higher Education Supplement '! the Cambridge History will no doubt be an indispensable reference for researchers, educators, and general readers interested in the field.' Chemical Heritage '! an impressive testament to the depth and breadth of current study of the history of the physical sciences. It will become the definitive reference work for the field. ! a wide range of methodologies ! The sheer number of topics addressed is ! staggering ! excellent contributions on the relationship of the physical sciences to society and culture. ! The very best chapters offer generous primary and secondary bibliographies, provide enough of a survey to give a clear narrative to a newcomer, and make cleat the most important historiographic issues. ! excellent and impressive volume with a wealth of information on a large number of topics ! it fulfils a serious need. There is no comparable collection of essays and bibliographic information on the history of the physical sciences.' British Journal for the History of Science '! the editor has done a very skilful job in commissioning and arranging 33 articles in the six parts of the volume. ! an excellent overview of the state of scholarship in the history of the modern physical sciences.' Ambix


Contents

Introduction: the modern Physical and Mathematical Sciences Mary Jo Nye; Part I. The Public Cultures of the Physical Sciences After 1800: 1. Theories of scientific method: models for physico-mathematical sciences Nancy Cartwright, Sthathis Psillos and Hasok Chang; 2. Intersections of physical sciences and western religion in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries Frederick Gregory; 3. A twisted tale: women in the physical sciences in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries Margaret W. Rossiter; 4. Scientists and their publics: popularization of science in the nineteenth century David M. Knight; 5. Literature and the modern physical sciences Pamela Gossin; Part II. Discipline-Building in the Sciences: Places, Instruments, Communication: 6. Mathematical schools, communities, and networks David E. Rowe; 7. The industry, research, education nexus Terry Shinn; 8. Remaking astronomy: instruments and practice in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries Robert W. Smith; 9. Languages in science: chemistry Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent; 10. Imagery and representation in twentieth-century physics from Einstein to Feynman Arthur I. Miller; Part III. Chemistry and Physics: Problems through the Early 1900s: 11. The physical sciences in the life sciences Frederic L. Holmes; 12. Chemical atomism and chemical classifications Hans-Werner Schutt; 13. Theory and applications of the structure theory in organic chemistry A. J. Rocke; 14. Theories and experiments on radiation from Thomas Young to X-rays Sungook Hong; 15. Force, energy, and thermodynamics Crosbie Smith; 16. Theories and practices of electrical science from Faraday to Einstein Bruce J. Hunt; Part IV. Atomic and Molecular Sciences in the Twentieth Century: 17. Quantum theory and atomic structure, 1900--1927 Olivier Darrigol; 18. Radioactivity and nuclear physics Jeff Hughes; 19. Quantum field theory: from QED to the standard model S. S. Schweber; 20. Chemical physics and quantum chemistry in the twentieth century Ana Simoes; 21. Plasmas and solid-state science Michael Eckert; 22. Macromolecules, their structures and functions Yasu Furukawa; Part V. Mathematics, Astronomy and Cosmology since the Eighteenth Century: 23. The geometrical tradition: mathematics, space and reason in the nineteenth century Joan L. Richards; 24. Between rigor and application: developments in the concept of function in mathematical analysis Jesper Lutzen; 25. Statistics and physical theories Theodore M. Porter; 26. Solar science and astrophysics Joann Eisberg; 27. Cosmologies and cosmogonies of space and time Helge Kragh; 28. The chemistry and physics of the earth Naomi Oreskes and Ronald E. Doel; Part VI. Problems and Promises at the End of the Twentieth Century: 29. Science, technology, and war Alex Roland; 30. Science, ideology and the state: physics in the twentieth century Paul Josephson; 31. Computer science and the computer revolution William Aspray; 32. The physical sciences and the physicians' eye: dissolving disciplinary boundaries Bettyann Holtzmann Kevles; 33. Global environmental change and the history of science James Rodger Fleming.

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