Language: English with bilingual summary in English and Spanish
Solanum section Cyphomandropsis (Solanaceae) includes 13 species native to South America. Plants of this section are woody shrubs to small trees that lack spines, are glabrous to pubescent with unbranched or dendritically branched trichomes, and have tapered anthers with small terminal pores. Section Cyphomandropsis is closely related to Solanum sect. Pachyphylla (formeriy genus Cyphomandra), from which it differs by lacking discrete, enlarged connectives on the abaxial anther surfaces. Exceptionally large chromosomes characterize the Cyphomandropsis/Pachyphylla clade. The morphology, taxonomic history, nomenclature, ecology, distribution, economic value, reproductive biology, and evolutionary relationships of Solanum sect. Cyphomandropsis are reviewed. Four species groups, one new combination (S. hutchisonii), and one new name (S. pelagicum) are proposed. Dichotomous and synoptic keys are provided for the species of the section.
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