Part 1 Poor people love to eat fish. Part 2 "Beyond enumeration" - the construction of poverty in 19th-century Britain and 20th-century India: introduction; the construction of poverty in 19th-century Britain; measurement and morality - Charles Booth and Joseph Rowntree; solutions to poverty and regulation of the poor; poverty measurement in India; contemporary poverty measurement and "poverty-line language"; the construction of the poor in contemporary political science; the story so far. Part 3 The dimension of human agency: introduction; entitlement and capability theory as an alternative to poverty measurement; people's history and agency; E.P. Thompson, agency and experience; the concept of agency; the concept of experience; Thompson and moral economy theory; understanding poor people's priorities and knowledge; the perspective of the poor from contemporary South Asia; the saga continues.... Part 4 West Bengal - the case study area: introduction; geography, agriculture and population in Bengal and West Bengal; historical and political background to Bengal and West Bengal; the agrarian structure in West Bengal; politics and agrarian reform in West Bengal; conclusions. Part 5 The villages and the study: how the study came to be done and how it was carried out; background to the case study villages; land operation and employment in the three villages; economic categorization; conclusions. Part 6 "There may have been some benefits from the new farming, but I haven't seen any" - agricultural development and land reform in the study villages: the "green revolution" in South Asia; the green revolution comes to Fonogram; land type and land use in the Fonogram area; cropping patterns and adoption rates in the "boro" crop seasons, 1986-7 to 1988-9; who gained most from the green revolution?; absentee landlordism; land sales and land mortgaging; "there may have been some benefits from the new farming..." - benefits to the landless and perceptions of the poor; social change and the green revolution; land reform in the Midnapore case study villages; conclusions. Part 7 Surviving against the odds in the case study villages - everyday strategies and priorities: introduction; who are the poorest?; access to the natural resource base and common property resources; poorest people and food; sharerearing of livestock; poorest people and assets; conclusions. Part 8 "The rich don't help the poor and they never did" - power and the poorest. Part 9 Death comes to poorest households. Part 10 Rich people like to eat fish and throw poor people the bones.