Series: Nato Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences Volume: 16
330 pages, Figs, tabs, graphs
Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Global Atmospheric Change and its Impact on Regional Air Quality, held in Irkutsk, Russian Federation, August 21-27, 2001.
There is growing evidence that the changing global atmosphere is impacting urban and regional air quality and that emissions from great urban conurbations are significantly influencing global change. This book presents the topics needed to understand possible changes in regional and global atmospheric air quality. Air quality measurements reveal the influence of anthropogenic emissions on the background atmosphere, especially at regional and local scales, superimposed on a background of biogenic emissions. The book also deals with possible changes in atmospheric chemistry in remote areas due to the impact of halogens, halogen oxides, and organic sulphur compounds. Important areas that need to be known in detail for the modelling of these influences are ozone formation, radical mechanisms in the gas phase, oxidation processes in the aqueous phase, and the formation of aerosols. All these are discussed on the basis of both laboratory studies and field measurements. The various observational data, emission data and chemical mechanisms are needed as inputs for modelling the regional impact of anthropogenic emissions and global change. The book presents a great amount of material from the Russian Federation and other East European countries that is not available in Western journals.
Preface. Acknowledgements. Atmospheric Chemistry: General Aspects. European Research on Atmospheric Global Change: EU Supported Projects and Future Planning; G. Angeletti. Probing Chemical Mechanisms in Clean and Polluted Environments through Field Measurement/Model Comparions; N. Carslaw, et al. Formation and Cycling of Aerosols in the Global Troposphere; F. Raes. Active and Passive Sensing of Aerosol from Space; G.G. Matvienko, V.V. Belov. Global Self-Regulation of Ozone in the Earth Atmosphere; V.V. Lunin, A.B. Zosimov. Tropospheric Multiphase Chemistry in Field, Modelling and Laboratory Studies; H. Herrmann, et al. Stable Carbon Isotope Ratio Measurements: A New Tool to Understand Atmospheric Processing of Volatile Organic Compounds; J. Rudolph. Air Pollution Monitoring in Romania; R. Mocanu, E. Steinnes. Modelling. Modelling of Ozone and Secondary Organic Aerosol across Europe: Results from the EMEP Models; D. Simpson, Y. Andersson-Skold. Emissions. Emission of Atmospheric Pollutants from Aero Engines; P. Wiesen, et al. Arctic Regions. The Impact of Halogen Chemistry on the Oxidation Capacity of the Trophosphere; U. Platt. Kinetic and Mechanistic Studies in the Laboratory. Recent Developments in Peroxy Radical Chemistry; R. Lesclaux. Atmospheric Chemistry of Oxygenated VOCs; G. Le Bras, et al. Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Atmospheric Degradatin of Aldehydes; D. D'Anna, C.J. Nielsen. The Photochemical Degradation of Chloral and Oxalyl Chloride; L. Nolan, et al. Fluorinated Radical Reactions of Atmospheric Importance; W. Hack, et al. Heterogeneous Reactions Affecting Chlorine Activation in the Troposphere; M.Yu. Gershenzon, et al. Photochemical Processes in the Atmosphere; G.K. Moortgat. Atmosphere-Related Aspects of the Aqueous Phase Oxidation of Sulphur Dioxide; W. Pasiuk-Bronikowska. Soot Particles from Different Combustion Sources: Composition, Surface groups, Oxidation under Atmospheric Conditions; M.N. Laritchev, J.C. Petit. Poster Contributions. Kinetic and Mechanistic Studies. Investigation of Particle Formation in the Photo-oxidation of Dimethyl Sulphide; C. Arsene, et al. Model Study of the Photooxidation of CH3SO2SCH3 at Atmospheric Pressure: Thermal Decomposition of the CH3SO2 Radical; N.I. Butkovskaya, I. Barnes. Atmospheric Oxidatin of Selected Primary Alcohols; F. Cavalli, et al. Interaction of Ozone with Sodium Chloride -- a Possible Additional Source of Chlorine in the Atmosphere; A.V. Levanov, et al. Transition Metal Ions in The Processes Of Acid Rain Formation; A.N. Yermakov, A.P. Purmal. The Role of HCl and HBr in Heterogeneous Processes of Stratospheric Ozone Decomposition; S.V. Savilov, T.V. Yagodovskaya. Comparison of the NO3 Heterogeneous Uptake on Dry and Humidified NaX (X=Cl, Br) Salts; V.V. Zelenov, E.V. Aparina. Global and Regional Air Pollution Studies. Air Pollution in Turkey; T. Dogeroglu. Background State and Trends of Sulfur Dioxide and Sulfate Aerosols in the Atmosphere over Russia; V.I. Egorov, et al. Changes in Land Use and Land Cover in Arid Southern Mediterranean on the Long Term Using Remote Sensing and GIS -- A Case Study of Northwest Egypt; A. Gad. Investigation of PAH in Atmospheric Aerosols and Precipitation's of East Siberia; A. Gorshkov, I. Marinaite. Regional Atmospheric Changes Caused by Natural and Antropogeneous Factors; K. Karimo, R. Gainutdinova. Environmental Problems connected with Air Polution in the Industrial Regions of Ukraine; M. Kharytonov, et al. Comparison of Experimental and Calculated Data on Ion Composition of Precipitation in the South of East Siberia; E.V. Kuchmenko, et al. Monitoring of the Spatial and Temporal Variation of the Particle Size Distribution and Chemical Composition of the Atmospheric Aerosol in Siberia; K. Koutsenogii, et al. Model Accumulation Mode of Atmospheric Aerosol Including Photochemical Aerosol Formation, Coagulation, Dynamics of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer and Relative Humidity; P. Koutsenogii. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in the Atmospheric Air of Moscow: The impact of Industry and Transport; O.O. Laritcheva, et al. Transcontinental Observations of the Surface Ozone and Nitrogen Oxide Concentrations by using the Carriage-Laboratory; T.A. Markova, N.F. Elansky. Evaluation of On-Road Vehicle Emissions: The Lundby Tunnel Study in Gothenburg, Sweden; M. Petrea, et al. Season Variation of Near Ground Impurities of O3 and CO in East Siberia; V. Potemkin, V. Obolkin. Roadside Measurements of Traffic Emissions from Motorway BAB 656 in Heidelberg with Emphasis on Particles; E. Rosenbohm, et al. The Effect of Distant Sources of Ozone and PM10s on Boundary Layer Air Quality in Cornwall -- a rural area in the UK; L. Salter, B. Parsons. Chemical Composition of Atmospheric Fall-Out as an Indicator of the Impact of Local Aerosol Emission Sources on Global Air Quality Change; Y.I. Kovalevskaya, et al. Influence of the Antropogenic Emissions and Atmospheric Chemical Processes on Climate in XXI Century; I.K. Larin, A.A. Ugarov. Methods and Techniques. Digital Photogrammetric Method for Ecological Monitoring; L. Trubina, et al. Hydrogen Technology: H2 Storage and Release; O.S. Morozova. Impact on Ecosystems. Effects from Industrial Emissions on the Lake Baikal Region Forests; T. Mikhailova, N. Berezhnaya. Assessment of Siberian Forest Ecosystem Stability Against the Acidification; M. Semenov. Air Pollution in the Adirondack Park; Public-Private Efforts to Reduce Acidity in Soils and Water; B. Jancar-Webster. Subject Index.
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