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Water Dynamics in Plant Production

There is a newer edition

Water Dynamics in Plant Production

This new edition describes the basic scientific principles of water...

NHBS Price: £125.00 $159/€149 approx

By: Wilfried Ehlers (Author), Michael J Goss (Author)

273 pages, illustrations, tables

CABI Publishing

Hardback | Jan 2003 | #138317 | ISBN: 0851996949
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £110.00 $140/€131 approx

About this book

In many regions of the world, water is scarce. This causes a problem in plant production, as plants rely on water stored in the soil to meet their needs; thus it is the principal factor limiting crop production.Water Dynamics in Plant Production describes the basic scientific principles of water transport in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum, explains the linkage between transpirational water use and dry matter production and presents various agronomic strategies to adapt to climate water shortage.

"I recommend the book very highly as a major contribution to the vital task of achieving an integrated, multi-disciplinary understanding of water dynamics in plant production [...] Both the science and practice of water use in the field are treated in a comprehensive ad comprehensible manner."
- Daniel Hillel, The Quarterly Review of Biology, 80, 2005

"The book will be a very valuable text for all agronomy students and an excellent introduction for postgraduate students. It will also be a very useful addition to my library."
- W R Whalley, Agricultural Science, 142, 2004

"Each chapter is carefully prepared and provides clear conclusions which make it easier to look for specific subjects of interest for readers [...] This book may be recommended to university students of biology and/or agronomy as well as specialists working in the field of crop and plant physiology and ecology."
- M T Grzesiak and T Hura, Acta Physiologiae, 2005


Contents

- The role of water in plant life
- Functions of water in the plant
- Adaptation strategies of plants to overcome water shortage
- Water and net primary production
- Water and type of vegetation
- The role of water in soil
- Soil genesis and soil functions
- Soil fauna and vegetation cover
- The interdependency of soil and vegetation
- The significance of the soil for water storage
- Transpiration and seepage of water with different types of vegetation
- Properties and energy state of water
- Physical-chemical properties
- The concept of water potential and the Darcy equation
- Water storage and movement in soil
- Fundamentals and principles
- Evaporation
- Infiltration and water transport
- The root - The plant's organ for water uptake
- The role of the root in the plant
- Structure of the root tip
- Root systems
- The water balance of the plant
- Water potentials in plant cells
- Water uptake by roots
- Transpiration by leaves
- The action of stomatal guard cells
- Water transport within the plant
- Water potentials in plants
- The plant as a link between soil and atmosphere: an overview
- The soil - plant - atmosphere continuum (SPAC)
- Potential evapotranspiration
- Relations between potential evapotranspiration, soil water and transpiration
- Water use by crops
- Growth of roots and leaves
- Leaf area index and transpiration
- Root system development and water uptake
- How much of the soil water is extractable by plant roots?
- Stomatal control of water vapour loss
- Water use throughout the growing season
- How to determine the components of the field water balance
- Numerical simulation
- Radiation and dry matter production
- Radiation and net photosynthesis of single leaves
- Radiation interception and dry matter accumulation in crop stands
- Water use and dry matter production
- Relations and their optimization
- The transpiration ratio and a related standard
- Water use and an estimate of dry matter production
- Influence of nutrient supply on water use and establishment of yield
- Yield dependency on water and nutrient supply
- Influence of nutrient supply on the relation between water use and yield
- Transpiration efficiency and fertilizer application
- Yield formation under inadequate water supply
- Physiological reactions and assimilate partitioning
- Economic yield
- Water shortage at different phenological stages
- Water stress in plants
- Measuring water stress in plants
- How plants perceive water stress
- Climatic factors influencing yield
- Growth limiting climatic factors
- Climate change
- Plants, soils and cropping pattern in a changing environment
- Breeding for yield and water use
- Comparing old and new cultivars
- Future strategies in plant breeding
- Controlling the soil's water balance by soil management
- Which of the balance components can be changed?
- Controlling infiltration
- Controlling evaporation
- Increasing the quantity of extractable soil water
- Conservation tillage
- Controlling water use by crop management
- Crop rotation
- Choice of species and cultivars
- Seeding and stand density
- Fertilizer application
- Irrigation
- Need, concerns, problems
- Tapping water - The basis of early civilizations
- Water requirement of crops
- Timing and adjusting the application of water
- Efficient water use
- Irrigation methods
- Epilogue
- References
- Subject index


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