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The Atlas of US and Canadian Environmental History

Edited By: Char Miller

256 pages, 34 col photos, illus, 30 figs, 39 col maps

Routledge

Hardback | Dec 2003 | #138561 | ISBN: 0415937817
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £120.00 $153/€143 approx

About this book

Covers the environmental history of the USA and Canada from 1492 to the present in seven chronologically arranged chapters. Over one hundred entries discuss the events that have helped shape the North American landscape, from the transformation of the wilderness into farmland by early settlers to the Johannesburg World Environmental Conference. The work provides a thorough survey of the role of the environment in the social history of North America examining how it influenced human behaviour while being transformed by it.


Contents

Chapter One: European Exploration and the Colonial Era (1492-1770s) Introduction; Columbian Exchange; Domestication of the Land: From Wilderness to Farmland; Early American and Canadian Forests; European Exploitation and Mapping the Land; Commodification of Nature: Export of Resources to the Old World; Pre-Contact: Indigenous Populations in the United States and Canada; Spanish In Florida and the Southwest; New England Agrarian Commonwealths; Chesapeake Bay Region: Early Tobacco South; The Seigneurial System in New France; Relationship to the Land: Indigenous and European Views Chapter Two: Expansion and Conflict (1770s-1850s) Introduction; Farming in Southern Ontario; Plantation Economy and Labor in the U.S. South; The Fur Trade; Great Lakes Timber; Extermination of the Buffalo; Public Land Policies: The U.S. Experience; Crown Land Policies: The Canadian Experience; The Age of Wood; The Transportation Revolution; Native Americans: Reservations and Relocations in the United States; Canada's First Nations; The Return to Nature: Transcendentalism and Utopian Communities; Manifest Destiny and the Politics of U.S. Western Expansion Chapter Three: Landscape of Industrialization (1850s-1920s) Introduction; Agricultural Innovations and Technology; The Frontier: Cattle Ranching; Harvesting the Pacific Northwest Forests; Rebirth of American Forests; Exploitation of Raw Materials for Industry; Gold and Silver Mining in the West; The Impact of Civil War; Transcontinental Railroads; Iron and Steel Production; Water Supply and Wastewater Disposal in the United States; Water Supply and Pollution in Canada; Urbanization: Population Shifts and Migration Patterns; The Built Environment in the City; Social Darwinism and 'Survival of the Fittest' in the United States; City Beautiful Movement; Romanticism of Nature: American and Canadian Writers and Artists Chapter Four: The Conservation Era (1880s-1920s) Introduction; Irrigation and Farming in the United States and Canada; Forest Management: United States Forest Service; Forest Management in Canada; The Beginning of Wildlife Preservation in Canada; Urban Parks and Landscape Architecture in the United States and Canada; Winters v. U.S. and the Development of the Doctrine of Reserved Water Rights; Appalachian Coal Mining; Petroleum and the Early Oil Industry; Urban Smoke Pollution in the United States; The Canadian Commission of Conservation: Urban Planning; The U.S. Conservation Movement; The Conservation Movement in Canada; The Origin of the Preservation Movement in the United States; The Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909: An Expression of Progressivism Chapter Five: From the Depression to Atomic Power (1930s-1960s) Introduction; The Dust Bowl in the Great Plains; Chemicalization of Agriculture in the United States; Game Management; Sustainable Forestry in British Columbia and Ontario; Western Dams in the United States; The Atom Bomb and Nuclear Power; Cons

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