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The Biology of Apples and Pears

Comprehensive reference book on all aspects of the biology of apples and pears
Describes the production of fruit with regard to key commercial factors
Compares the biology of apples and pears under warm-winter as well as temperate zone conditions

Series: Biology of Horticultural Crops

By: John E Jackson (Author)

500 pages, 7 b/w photos, 59 b/w illustrations, 80 tables

Cambridge University Press

Paperback | Oct 2005 | #156106 | ISBN: 0521021057
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £69.99 $85/€78 approx
Hardback | Jun 2003 | #138717 | ISBN: 0521380189
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £165.00 $201/€184 approx

About this book

Biology of Apples and Pears is a comprehensive reference book on all aspects of pomology at the organ, tree and orchard level. It provides detailed information on propagation, root and shoot growth, root stock effects, canopy development in relation to orchard design, flowering, pollination, fruit set, fruit growth, fruit quality factors and quality retention in store. It also deals with mineral nutrition, water-relations and irrigation, diseases and pests and biotechnology. The Biology of Apples and Pears emphasises the scientific basis of modern tree and orchard management and fruit storage. It describes key cultivar differences and their physiology and genetics and environmental effects and cultivar x environment interactions in tropical and sub-tropical as well as temperate zone conditions. It is written for fruit growers, extension workers, plant breeders, biotechnologists and storage and crop protection specialists as well as for researchers and students of pomology and horticulture.

"[...] the principal strengths of the volume are in its encyclopedic treatment [...]"
- Chemistry & Industry

"[...] useful information for research and extension workers, plant breeders and teachers and students as well as interested fruit growers."
- Journal of Agricultural Science

"[...] an outstanding work [...] clearly written, up-to-date, and covers an enormous amount of material."
- Chronica Horticulturae

"[...] this work represents a monumental achievement, which is likely to become a standard work in top fruit. [...] comprehensive [...] This volume fills the gap for a European textbook on this subject and includes molecular markers and biotechnology of apple and pear plus the latest references up to and including 2001. It will certainly serve as a good basis for lectures on fruit tree physiology for both students and lecturers alike."
- European Journal of Horticultural Science



1. The growing of apples and pears
2. Apples and pears and their relatives
3. Apple and pear root systems: induction, development, structure and function
4. The graft union, grafting and budding
5. Mechanisms of rootstock and interstock effects on scion vigour
6. The shoot system
7. Leaves, canopies and light interception
8. Photosynthesis, respiration, and carbohydrate transport partitioning and storage
9. Flowers and fruits
10. Eating quality and its retention
11. Mineral nutrition
12. Water relations
13. Diseases, pests and resistance to these
14. Biotechnology of apples and pears


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John Jackson was formerly Head of the Pomology Department and Deputy Director at the East Malling Research Station, UK and Officer-in-Charge at the Horticultural Research Centre, Marondera, Zimbabwe.

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