1. Introduction Rob H. G. Jongman and Gloria Pungetti; 2. The context and concept of ecological networks Rob H. G. Jongman; 3. Greenways in the USA: theory, trends and prospects Jack F. L. Ahern; 4. Ecological functioning of ecological networks: a species perspective Jana Verboom and Rogier Pouwels; 5. Impacts of roads on ecological networks and integration of conservation and transportation planning: Florida as a case study Daniel J. Smith; 6. Ecological corridors on an European scale: a typology and identification of target species Irene M. Bouwma, Ruud P. B. Foppen and Alexander J. F. M. Van Opstal; 7. Planning the future landscape between nature and culture Gloria Pungetti and Bernardino Romano; 8. From models to reality: design and implementation process Marius Bolck, Giuseppe De Togni, Theo Van der Sluis and Rob H. G. Jongman; 9. Design of the Pan-European ecological network: a national level attempt Kalle Remm, A lo Mander, Mart Kulvik and Kalev Sepp; 10. Ecological 'black spots' within the ecological network: an improved design for rural road networks amelioration Rinus F. Jaarsma; 11. An ecological network for the Milano region based on focal species Renato Massa, Luciano Bani, Marco Baietto, Luciana Bottoni and Emilio Padoa Schioppa; 12. Connecting corridors: implementing metropolitan greenway networks in North America Donna L. Erickson; 13. The Florida Statewide Greenways Project, its realisation and political context Thomas S. Hoctor, Margaret H. Carr, Paul D. Zwick and David S. Maehr; 14. The ecological network development in the Yungas, Argentina: planning economic and social aspects Daniel Somma, Maria Bettina Aued and Lia Bachman; 15. The river corridor of the Guadiamar Antonio Mora and Jose M. Arenas; 16. Conclusions: into the 21st century Rob H. G. Jongman and Gloria Pungetti.