Books  Physical Sciences  Chemistry 

Analysis and Fate of Surfactants in the Aquatic Environment

Handbook / Manual

Series: Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry Series Volume: 40

Edited By: TP Knepper, D Barcelo and P de Voogt

Elsevier

Hardback | Aug 2003 | #141138 | ISBN: 0444509356
Availability: Usually dispatched within 2-3 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £350.00 $442/€416 approx

About this book

An understanding of the fate and behaviour of organic chemicals, such as surfactants, in the environment is a prerequisite for the sustainable development of human health and ecosystems. As surfactants are being produced in huge amounts, it is important to have a detailed knowledge about their lifetime in the environment, their biodegradability in wastewater treatment plants and in natural waters, and their ecotoxicity. Parameters relevant for the assessment of long-term behaviour, such as interactions with hormonal systems need to be understood to avoid unexpected adverse effects to future generations of people and the environment. However, the identification and quantification of commercial surfactants in the environment is made more complicated and cumbersome because they comprise of tens to hundreds of homologues, oligomers and isomers of anionic, nonionic, cationic and amphoteric compounds. The EU-funded PRISTINE project (Priority surfactants and their toxic metabolites in wastewater effluents: An integrated study; ENV4-CT97-0494) provides the basis for the content of this title. It provides policy makers and industry with detailed information on analysis and concentrations of surfactants and their degradation products in the environment. In addition to a general introduction to surfactants, this book comprises a comprehensive variety of analytical techniques, including sample handling, for the analysis of surfactants in the aquatic environment. Readers will find all the necessary information for analyzing the different groups of surfactants, with special emphasis on transformation products. Quality assurance is also reported on in detail. Chapters on toxicity and risk assessment are also included and give a complete perspective on the surfactants problem in the aquatic environment. It presents the finding of EU-funded research into fate and behaviour of organic chemicals in the environment. It comprises a comprehensive variety of analytical techniques, including sample handling, for the analysis of surfactants in the aquatic environment. It provides relevant information to all groups working in the field of surfactants.


Contents

Surfactants - properties, production and environmental aspects; separation and detection; GC and GC-MS determination of surfactants; capillary electrophoresis in surfactant analysis; LC determination using conventional detectors; atmospheric pressure ionisation mas spectrometry; sample handling; sampling and sample treatment for surfactant analysis in water; methods for the sample handling of nonionic surfactants in sludges and sediments; sample handling for the determination of surfactants in biota; quantification and quality assurance in surfactant analysis; advantages and limitations in surfactant quantification by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry; stability of surfactants in post-sampling storage; interlaboratory studies for the determination of surfactants; environmental processes; aerobic biodegradation of surfactants; anaerobic biodegradation of surfactants; biodegradation of LAS in the marine environment; surfactant sorption on natural sediments; fate of organosilicone surfactants; occurrence of surfactants in the environment; concentrations of surfactants in wastewater treatment plants; occurrence of surfactants in surface waters and freshwater sediments; occurrence of surfactants in drinking water; occurrence and fate of surfactants in soil, subsoil and groundwater; toxicity; toxicity of surfactants for aquatic life; bioconcentration; estrogenicity of surfactants; risk assessment of surfactants.

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