Preface. Acknowledgments. Contributors. Introduction. I. Introduction. 1. Marine Ornamentals Industry 2001: Priority Recommendations for a Sustainable Future (John S. Corbin, James C. Cato, and Christopher L. Brown) 2. Culture of Marine Ornamentals: For Love, for Money, and for Science (Martin A. Moe, Jr.) II. Progress and Current Trends in Marine Ornamentals. A. Trade, Marketing, and Economics. 3. International Trade in Marine Aquarium Species: Using the Global Marine Aquarium Database (Edmund Green) 4. World Trade in Ornamental Species (Katia Olivier) 5. The Consumption of Marine Ornamental Fish in the United States: A Description from U.S. Import Data (Cristina M. Balboa) 6. The U.S. Wholesale Marine Ornamental Market: Trade, Landings, and Market Options (Sherry L. Larkin) B. Health Management. 7. Disease Diagnosis in Ornamental Marine Fish: A Perspective Analysis of 129 Cases (Ruth Francis-Floyd and RuthEllen Klinger) 8. Captive Nutritional Management of Herbivorous Reef Fish Using Surgeonfish (Acanthuridae) as a Model (G. Christopher Tilghman, Ruth Francis-Floyd and RuthEllen Klinger) C. Certification. 9. The Marine Aquarium Industry and Reef Conservation (Bruce W. Bunting, Paul Holthus, and Sylvia Spalding) 10. Wholesale and Retail Break-Even Prices for MAC-Certified Queen Angelfish (Holancanthus ciliaris) (Sherry L. Larkin, Chris de Bodisco, and Robert L. Degner) D. Management. 11. Community-Based Management of Coral Reefs: An Essential Requisite for Certification of Marine Aquarium Products Harvested from Reefs under Customary Marine Tenure (Austin Bowden-Kerby) 12. Sustainable Management Guidelines for Stony Coral Fisheries (Andrew W. Bruckner) III. The Invertebrates. A. Live Rock Cultivation. 13. The Economics of Live Rock and Live Coral Aquaculture (John E. Parks, Robert S. Pomeroy, and Christina M. Balboa) 14. Aquacultured Live Rock as an Alternative to Imported Wild-Harvested Live Rock: An Update (William W. Falls, J. Nicholas Ehringer, Roy Herndon, Teresa Herndon, Michael Nichols, Sandy Nettles, Cynthia Armstrong, and Darlene Haverkamp) B. Ornamental Shrimp. 15. Overview of Marine Ornamental Shrimp Aquaculture (Ricardo Calado, Luis Narciso, Ricardo Araujo, and Junda Lin) C. Corals. 16. Coral Culture - Possible Future Trends and Directions (Michael Arvedlund, Jamie Craggs, and Joe Pecorelli) IV. Reef Fish. A. Hatchery Methods. 17. Research on Culturing the Early Life Stages of Marine Ornamental Fish (G. Joan Holt) 18. Out-of-Season Spawning of the Rainbow Shark, Epalzeorhynchus frenatus: Freshwater Hatchery Technology with Marine Potential (Christopher L. Brown, Brian Cole, Claudia Farfan, and Clyde S. Tamaru) B. Feeding and Nutrition. 19. Advances in the Culture of Rotifers for Use in Rearing Marine Ornamental Fishes (Clyde S. Tamaru, Harry Ako, Vernon T. Sato, and Ronald P. Weidenbach) C. Seahorses. 20. Factors Affecting Successful Culture of the Seahorse, Hippocampus abdominalis Leeson, 1827 (Chris M.C. Woods) 21. Rearing the Coral Seahorse, Hippocampus babouri, on Live and Inert Prey (Michael F. Payne) 22. The Copepod/Artemia Tradeoff in the Captive Culture of Hippocampus erectus, a Vulnerable Species in Lower New York State (Todd Gardner) V. Stakeholder Perspectives. A. Museums and Public Aquariums. 23. The Role of Public Aquariums in the Convention and Sustainability of the Marine Ornamentals Trade (Heather Hall and Douglas Warmolts) B. Collectors. 24. Trends Determined By Cyanide Testing on Marine Aquarium Fish in the Philippines (Peter J. Rubec, Vaugham R. Pratt, Bryan McCullough, Benita Manipula, Joy Alban, Theo Espero, and Emma R. Suplido) C. Hobbyists. 25. Cultured Marine Ornamental - Retail Consumer Perspectives (Scott E. Clement) D. Government. 26. Balancing Collection and Conservation of Marine Ornamental Species in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (Billy D. Causey) E. NGOs/Environmental Management. 27. Wild-Caught Marine Species and the Ornamental Aquatic Industry (John Dawes) 28. Transforming the Marine Ornamentals Industry: A Business Approach (Andreas Merkl, Darcy L. Wheeles, John Claussen, and Heather F. Thompson) General Index. Species Index.