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Rheology and Deformation of the Lithosphere at Continental Margins

Edited By: Garry D Karner, Brian Taylor, Neal W Driscoll and David L Kohlstedt

416 pages, B/w photos, figs

Columbia University Press

Paperback | Apr 2004 | #144952 | ISBN: 0231127391
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Hardback | Apr 2004 | #144953 | ISBN: 0231127383
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About this book

Traditionally, investigations of the rheology and deformation of the lithosphere (the rigid or mechanically strong outer layer of the Earth, which contains the crust and the uppermost part of the mantle) have taken place at one scale in the laboratory and at an entirely different scale in the field. Laboratory experiments are generally restricted to centimeter-sized samples and day- or year-length times, while geological processes occur over tens to hundreds of kilometers and millions of years. The application of laboratory results to geological systems necessitates extensive extrapolation in both temporal and spatial scales, as well as a detailed understanding of the dominant physical mechanisms. The development of an understanding of large-scale processes requires an integrated approach. This book explores the current cutting-edge interdisciplinary research in lithospheric rheology and provides a broad summary of the rheology and deformation of the continental lithosphere in both extensional and compressional settings. Individual chapters explore contemporary research resulting from laboratory, observational, and theoretical experiments.

This is a must for tectonicists in academia and industry. Many thanks to the editors and the US Margins programme. -- Cindy Ebinger Marine Geophysical Researchers 2005 Meaty, well-illustrated... It is a long overdue review of prograss in plate boundary processes. -- Dr. C. Ebinger Marine Geophysical Researches Vol. 24


Contents

PrefaceConsequences of Asthenospheric Variability in Continental Rifting, by W. Roger BuckVelocity Fields, Faulting and Strength on the Continents, by James JacksonLow-Angle Normal Fault Mechanics and Crustal Strength, by Gary J. AxenDepth-Dependent Lithospheric Stretching at Rifted Continental Margins, by Mark Davis and Nick KusznirLimits of the Seismogenic Zone, by Larry J. RuffControls on Subduction Thrust Earthquakes: Downdip Changes in Composition and State, by R. D. HyndmanThermo-Mechanical Models of Convergent Orogenesis: Thermal and Rheologic Dependence of Crustal Deformation, by Sean D. Willett and Daniel C. PopeStructure of Large-Displacement, Strike-Slip Fault Zones in the Brittle Continental Crust, by F. M. Chester, J. S. Chester, D. L. Kirschner, S. E. Schulz, and J. P. EvansFiction, Friction, and the San Andreas Fault, by Christopher H. Scholz and Thomas C. HanksDeformation Behavior of Partially Molten Mantle Rocks, by YaQin Xu, M. E. Zimmerman, and D. L. KohlstedtRelations Among Porosity, Permeability, and Deformation in Rocks at High Temperatures, by Brian Evans, Yves Bernable, and Greg Hirth


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Biography

Garry D. Karner is senior research scientist in marine geology and geophysics at Columbia University's Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory. Brian Taylor is a professor in the Department of Geology and Geophysics at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. Neal W. Driscoll is a professor in the Geosciences Research Division at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. David L. Kohlstedt is a professor of geology and geophysics at the University of Minnesota.

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