Preface; 1. Introduction Michael Brown and Tracy Rushmer; 2. Structure of the continental lithosphere Alan Levander, Adrian Lenardic and Karl E. Karlstrom; 3. Thermo-mechanical controls on heat production distributions and the long-term evolution of the continents Mike Sandiford and Sandra McLaren; 4. Composition, differentiation, and evolution of continental crust: constraints from sedimentary rocks and heat flow Scott M. McLennan, Stuart Ross Taylor and Sidney R. Hemming; 5. The significance of Phanerozoic arc magmatism in generating continental crust Jon P. Davidson and Richard J. Arculus; 6. Crustal generation in the Archean Hugh Rollinson; 7. Structural and metamorphic processes in the lower crust: evidence from a deep-crustal isobarically-cooled terrane, Canada Michael L. Williams and Simon Hanmer; 8. Nature and evolution of the middle crust: heterogeneity of structure and process due to pluton-enhanced tectonism Karl E. Karlstrom and Michael L. Williams; 9. Melting of the continental crust: fluid regimes, melting reactions and source-rock fertility John D. Clemens; 10. Melt extraction from lower continental crust of orogens: the field evidence Michael Brown; 11. The extraction of melt from crustal protoliths and the flow behavior of partially molten crustal rocks: an experimental perspective Ernie H. Rutter and J. Mecklenburgh; 12. Melt migration in the continental crust and generation of lower crustal permeability: inferences from modeling and experimental studies Tracy Rushmer and Steve Miller; 13. Emplacement and growth of plutons: implications for rates of melting and mass transfer in continental crust Alexander R. Cruden; 14. Elements of a modeling approach to the physical controls on crustal differentiation George W. Bergantz and Scott A. Barboza.