Books  Environmental Science  Waste Management & Remediation 

Disposal of Hazardous Waste in Underground Mines

Proceedings

Series: The Sustainable World Volume: 11

Edited By: V Popov and R Pusch

258 pages, Figs, tabs

WIT Press

Hardback | Dec 2004 | #150791 | ISBN: 1853127507
Availability: Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £120.00 $152/€141 approx

About this book

This book contains the results of a three-year research programme by a joint team of experts from four different EU countries. The main focus of this research was on investigating the possibility of using abandoned underground mines for the disposal of hazardous chemical waste with negligible pollution of the environment. The research work was focused on: the possibility of using abandoned underground mines for disposal of hazardous chemical waste with negligible pollution of the environment; the properties and behaviour of waste-isolating clay materials and practical ways of preparing and applying them; development of software tools to assess the stability, performance and risks associated with different repository concepts, considering the long-term safety of the biosphere; the isolating capacity of reference repositories; the different approaches for handling hazardous chemical waste. The project has demonstrated that hazardous waste can be safely disposed in underground mines provided that adequate assessment, planning and design procedures are employed. Information is also included on the selection of site location, design and construction of repositories, predicting degrees of contamination of groundwater in the surroundings, estimation of isolating capacity of reference repositories, cost estimation of this approach in comparison with some other approaches, and many other relevant issues. Invaluable to researchers and engineers working in the field of hazardous (chemical) waste disposal, this title will also significantly aid experts dealing with nuclear waste.


Contents

Chapter 1: Hazardous waste generation and management in Europe Introduction; Hazardous waste generation in Europe; Current hazardous waste management in Europe; Trends and expectations; The effect of Directive 99/31; Waste streams and pollutants of interest; Conclusions Chapter 2: Need and potential for underground disposal - survey of underground mines in Europe) Surface vs. underground hazardous waste disposal facilities; Survey of underground mines in Europe; The pro Ole of mining activity in 15 EU countries; Inactive underground mines used as waste disposal sites Chapter 3: Criteria for selecting repository mines Introduction; Rock structure; Requirements for the use of mines as repositories; Reference mines Chapter 4: Engineered barriers Types and characteristics of engineered barriers; Methods for constructing engineered barriers in underground mines; Maturation of smectite clay barriers; The source term; Basis for modelling transport of hazardous elements from the waste; Long-term chemical stability of smectite; Cost estimates Chapter 5: Stability analysis of mines Background and objective of the work; Modelling methodology; Description of cases to be studied and modelling assumptions; Material properties; Results of stability analysis; Conclusions Chapter 6: Risk assessment of underground repositories using numerical modelling of Pow and transport in fractured rock; Overview of the problem; Governing equations; Numerical method; Computational implementation; Results; Risk assessment summary

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