Foreword 7; Section 1: Efficient production from grassland 11; Grassland in Ireland and the UK 13; M. Rath and S. Peel; Rising demand for meat and milk in developing countries: implications for grasslands-based livestock production 29; C.L. Delgado; Improving the quality of products from grassland 41; N.D. Scollan, R.J. Dewhurst, A.P. Moloney and J.J. Murphy; Grass and forage improvement: temperate forages 57; C.J. Pollock, M.T. Abberton and M.O. Humphreys; Grass and forage plant improvement in the tropics and sub-tropics 69; L. Jank, C.B. do Valle and R.M.S. Resende; Foraging behaviour and herbage intake in the favourable tropics/sub-tropics 81; S.C. Da Silva and P.C. de F. Carvalho; Interactions between foraging behaviour of herbivores and grassland resources in the eastern Eurasian steppes 97; D. Wang, G. Han and Y. Bai; Strategies to mitigate seasonality of production in grassland-based systems 111; C. Porqueddu, S. Maltoni and J.G. Mclvor; Overcoming seasonality of production: opportunities offered by forage conservation technologies 123; P. O'Kiely and A.G. Kaiser; Evolution of integrated crop-livestock production systems 137; M.H.Entz, W.D.Bellotti, J.M. Powell, S.V. Angadi, W. Chen, K.H. Ominski and B. Boelt; Adoption of tropical legume technology around the world: analysis of success 149; H.M. Shelton, S. Franzel and M. Peters; Grasses as biofactories: scoping out the opportunities 167; N. Roberts, K. Richardson, G. Bryan, C. Voisey, W. McNabb, T. Conner, M. Christey and R. Johnson; The potential of grassland and associated forages to produce fibre, biomass, energy or other feedstocks for non-food and other sectors: new uses for a global resource 179; M.F. Askew; Section 2: Grassland & the Environment 191; Grasslands for production and the environment 193; D.R. Kemp and D.L. Michalk; Soil microbial community: understanding the belowground network for sustainable grassland management 209; Y.G. Zhu, W.D. Kong, B.D. Chen, Z.B. Nan and P. Christie; Soil quality assessment and management 219; M.G. Kibblewhite; Water resources, agriculture and pasture: implications of growing demand and increasing scarcity 227; M.W. Rosegrant, R.A. Valmonte-Santos, S.A. Cline, C. Ringler and W. Li; Grassland productivity and water quality: a 21st Century issue 239; D.M. Nash and P.M. Haygarth; Global atmospheric change and its effect on managed grassland systems 251; A. Luscher, J. Fuhrer and P.C.D. Newton; Grazing land contributions to carbon sequestration 265; R.F. Follett and G.E. Schuman; Methane and nitrous oxide emissions from grazed grasslands 279; H. Clark, C. Pinares-Patino and C. deKlein; Relationships between biodiversity and production in grasslands at local and regional scales 295; A. Hector and M. Loreau. Enhancing grassland biodiversity and its consequences for grassland management and utilisation 305; J. Isselstein; Section 3: Delivering the benefits from grassland 321; Grassland and forage to improve livelihoods and reduce poverty 323; S.G. Reynolds, C. Batello, S. Baas and S. Mack; Participatory approach to common use grazing management in dry area developing countries 339; J.A. Tiedeman, A. Larbi, F. Ghassali and N. Battikha; Adoption of Brachiaria grasses in Mexico and Central America: a successful story 343; F. Holmann, P.J. Argel and C.E. Lascano; Improved livelihoods from grasslands; the case of Napier grass in smallholder dairy farms in Kenya 347; D.M. Mwangi, D. Romney, S. Staal, I. Baltenweck and S.W. Mwendia; Role of information and information providers in technology transfer 351; D.J. Undersander; Participatory research for smallholder livestock systems - applying common sense to complex problems 359; P.M. Horne and W.W. Stur; The contribution of participatory research: on-farm research 375; P.F. Fennessy, N.J. Daniels, S.A. Chadwick and P.A. Speck; Computer-based forage management tools: historical, current, and future applications 389; D.H. Hannaway, C.P.Q. Daly, D.F Chapman, B.B. Baker and A.S. Cooper; Paying for our keep: grasslands decision support in more-developed countries 403; A.D. Moore; Decision support for grassland systems in developing countries 415; P.K. Thornton; Keyword index 427; Author index 429.