Foreword 7; Keynote presentations 15; Constraints to pastoral systems in marginal environments 17; A.J. Ash and J.G. McIvor; Soil/plant interactions 29; P. Millard and B.K. Singh; How herbivores optimise diet quality and intake in heterogeneous pastures, and the consequences for vegetation dynamics 39; R. Baumont, C. Ginane, F. Garcia and P. Carrere; Land use history and the build-up and decline of species richness in Scandinavian semi-natural grasslands 51; O. Eriksson, S.A.O. Cousins and R. Lindborg; Recreating pastoralist futures 61; T.J.P. Lynam; Challenges and opportunities for sustainable rangeland pastoral systems in the Edwards Plateau of Texas 71; J.W. Walker, J.L. Johnson and C.A. Taylor, Jr; Working within constraints: managing African savannas for animal production and biodiversity 81; J.T. du Toit; Range-based livestock production in Turkmenistan 91; R.H. Behnke and G. Davidson; Section 1: Biological constraints on pastoral systems in marginal environments 103; A new perennial legume to combat dryland salinity in south-western Australia 105; L.W. Bell, M.A. Ewing, M. Ryan, S.J. Bennett and G.A. Moore; Diversity and variation in nutritive value of plants growing on 2 saline sites in south-western Australia 106; H.C. Norman, R.A. Dynes and D.G. Masters; The long road to developing native herbaceous summer forage legume ecotypes 107; J.P. Muir, T.J. Butler and W.R. Ocumpaugh; Mortality model for a perennial grass in Australian semi-arid wooded grasslands grazed by sheep 108; K.C. Hodgkinson and W.J. Muller; Selecting grassland species for saline environments 109; M.E. Rogers, A.D. Craig, T.D. Colmer, R. Munns, S.J. Hughes, P.M. Evans, P.G.H. Nichols, R. Snowball, D. Henry, J. Deretic, B. Dear and M. Ewing.; Grazing animal production systems and grazing land characteristics in a semi-arid region of Greece 110; I. Hadjigeorgiou, G. Economou, D. Lolis, N. Moustakas and G. Zervas; The productivity of coastal meadows in Finland 111; R. Nevalainen, A. Huuskonen, S. Jaakola, J. Kiljala and E. Joki-Tokola; Ear emergence of different grass species under Finnish growing conditions 112; M. Niskanen, O. Niemelainen and L. Jauhiainen; Effects of sowing date and phosphorus fertiliser application on winter survival of lucerne cv. Aohan in the northern semi-arid region of China 113; Z.L. Wang, Q.Zh. Sun, Y.W. Wang, Zh.Y. Li and Sh.F. Zhao; Reasons for the premature decline in Astragalus adsurgens stands in Kerqin sandy land 114; Q.Zh. Sun, Z.L. Wang, J.G. Han, Y.W. Wang and G.R. Liu; The influence of fertiliser application to strip-sown grasslands on herbage production and quality 115; A. Kohoutek, P. Komarek, V. Odstrcilova and P. Nerusil; The effect of harvest management on forage production and self-reseeding potential of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) 116; P.W. Bartholomew and R.D. Williams; An evaluation of grazing value of maize and companion crops for wintering lactating ewes 117; E.A. van Zyl and C.S. Dannhauser. Yield and mineral concentration changes in maize and Italian ryegrass cropping systems 118; S. Idota and Y. Ishii; Constraints on dairy cattle production from locally available forages in Bangladesh 119; M.A.S. Khan; Pasture management in deer farms in Mauritius 120; P. Grimaud, P. Thomas and J. Sauzier; Section 2: Research advances in understanding soil/plant/animal relationships 121; Heterogeneous nutrient distribution across dairy grazing systems in southeastern Australia 123; C.J.P. Gourley, I. Awty, P. Durling, J. Collins, A. Melland and S.R. Aarons; Fertiliser responses and soil test calibrations for grazed pastures in Australia 124; C.J.P. Gourley, A.R. Melland, K.I. Peverill, P. Strickland, I. Awty and J.M. Scott; Modelling basal area of perennial grasses in Australian semi-arid wooded grasslands 125; S.G. Marsden and K.C. Hodgkinson; Diversity of diet composition decreases with conjoint grazing of cattle with sheep and goats 126; A.M. Nicol, M.B. Soper and A. Stewart; Spatial scale of heterogeneity affects diet choice but not intake in beef cattle 127; S.M. Rutter, J.E. Cook, K.L. Young and R.A. Champion; A simple vegetation criterion (NDF content) may account for diet choices of cattle between forages varying in maturity stage and physical accessibility 128; C. Ginane and R. Baumont; Do species and functional diversity indices reflect changes in grazing regimes and climatic conditions in northeastern Spain? 129; F. de Bello, J. Leps and M.T. Sebastia; Species richness affects grassland yield and yield stability across seasons, sites and years 130; D.J. Barker, R.M. Sulc, M.R. Burgess and T.L. Bultemeier; The biodiversity value of 'improved' and 'unimproved' saline agricultural land and adjacent remnant vegetation in South Australia 131; M.L. Hebart, N.J. Edwards, E.A. Abraham and A.D. Craig; Grazing impacts on rangeland condition in semi-arid south-western Africa 132; A. Rothauge, G.N. Smit and A.L. Abate; Soil, plant and livestock interactions in Australian tropical savannas 133; L.P. Hunt and T.Z. Dawes-Gromadzki; The effect of different grazing managements on upland grassland 134; Pavlu, M. Hejcman, L. Pavlu and J. Gaisler; The effect of fertiliser treatment on the development of rangelands in Argentina 135; E.F. Latorre and M.B. Sacido; Effect of pre-planting seed treatment options on dormancy breaking and germination of Ziziphus mucronata 136; A. Hassen, N.F.G. Rethman and W.A. van Niekerk; A genecological study of the widespread Australian native grass Austrodanthonia caespitosa (Gaudich.) H.P. Linder. 137; C.M. Waters, J. Virgona and G.J. Melville; An agronomic evaluation of grazing maize combined with companion crops for sheep in northwestern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa 138; C.S. Dannhauser and E.A. van Zyl; Growth, nitrogen and phosphorus economy in two Lotus glaber Mill. cytotypes grown under contrasting P-availability 139; D.H. Cogliatti, L.A. Lett, M.S. Barufaldi, P. Segura and J.A. Cardozo; Belowground meristem populations as regulators of grassland dynamics 140; H.J. Dalgleish and D.C. Hartnett; The impact of vegetation structure and spatial heterogeneity on invertebrate biodiversity within upland landscapes 141; L. Cole, M.L. Pollock, D. Robertson, J.P. Holland and D.I. McCraken; The potential for summer-dormant perennial grasses in Mediterranean and semi-arid pastures 142; F. Lelievre, F. Volaire, P. Chapon and M. Norton. Improvement of native perennial forage plants for sustainability of Mediterranean farming systems 143; F. Lelievre and F. Volaire; The influence of management on health status of Festuca rubra in mountain meadows 144; B. Vozenilkova, F. Klimes, J. Kvet, Z. Maskova, B. Cermak and K. Suchy; Nutritive value of Alopecurus pratensis, Festuca rubra, Arrhenatherum elatius and Lolium perenne grown in the South of Belgium 145; A. Nivyobizi, A.G. Deswysen, D. Dehareng, A. Peeters and Y. Larondelle; Increasing the productive potential of permanent grasslands from the forest steppe area of Romania 146; V. Vintu, C. Samuil, T. Iacob and St. Postolache; The influence of harvest period and fertilisation on the yield of some mixed grass and leguminous species under the forest steppe conditions of North-east Romania 147; V. Vintu, C. Samuil, T. Iacob and St. Postolache; Productivity of Sahiwal and Friesian - Sahiwal crossbreds in marginal grasslands of Kenya 148; W.B. Muhuyi, F.B. Lukibisi and S.N. ole Sinkeet; Rainfall and grazing impacts on the population dynamics of Bothriochloa ewartiana in tropical Australia 149; D.M. Orr and P.J. O'Reagain; Herbage quality of dwarf Napier grass under a rotational cattle grazing system two years after establishment 150; Y. Ishii, A.A. Sunusi, M. Mukhtar, S. Idota and K. Fukuyama; Grazing suitability of various Napier grass varieties in paddocks of different ages 151; Y. Ishii, M. Mukhtar, S. Tudsri, S. Idota, Y. Nakamura and K. Fukuyama; Detecting fauna habitat in semi-arid grasslands using satellite imagery 152; N.A. Bruce, I.D. Lunt, M. Abuzar and M. Mitchell; The effect of manipulated conservation margins in intensively grazed dairy paddocks on the biodiversity of Pteromalidae and Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Parasitica) 153; A. Anderson, G. Purvis, A. Helden and H. Sheridan; Effect on sward botanical composition of mixed and sequential grazing by cattle and sheep of upland permanent pasture in the UK 154; J.E. Vale, M.D. Fraser and J.G. Evans; Effect of mixed and sequential grazing by cattle and sheep of upland permanent pasture on liveweight gain 155; M.D. Fraser, J.E. Vale and J.G. Evans; Effects of breed and stage of growing season on the metabolic profile of sheep grazing moorland 156; V.J. Theobald, M.D. Fraser and J.M. Moorby; Characterising the fermentation capabilities of gut microbial populations from different breeds of cattle and sheep grazing heathland 157; D.R. Davies, M.D. Fraser, V.J. Theobald and E.L. Bakewell; The performance of cattle on lowland species-rich neutral grassland at three contrasting grazing pressures 158; B.A. Griffith and J.R.B. Tallowin; Nutritional value of pasture forage for sheep in Krkonose National Park 159; P. Homolka; Vegetation dynamics of campos under grazing/fire regimes in southern Brazil 160; F.L.F. De Quadros, J.P.P. Trindade, D.G. Bandinelli and L. Potter; Modelling grazing animal distributional patterns using multi-criteria decision analysis techniques 161; M.R. George, N.R. Harris, N.K. McDougald, M. Louhaichi, M.D. Johnson, D.E. Johnson and K.R. Smith; Species richness, species identity and ecosystem function in managed temperate grasslands 162; S.C. Goslee, M.A. Sanderson and K. Soder; Preference of goats for cool-season annual clovers in the southern United States 163; T.H. Terrill, W.F. Whitehead, G. Durham, C.S. Hoveland, B.P. Singh and S. Gelaye; Production per animal and use of intake estimatives to predicted animal productivity in Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott and Cynodon spp cv. Tifton 85 pastures 164; F.L.F. de Quadros, A.R. Maixner, G.V. Kozloski, D.P. Montardo, A. Noronha, D.G. Bandinelli, M. da S. Brum and N.D. Aurelio; Ingestive behaviour of steers in native pastures in southern Brazil 165; C.E. Pinto, P.C.F. Carvalho, A. Frizzo, J.A.S.F. Junior, T.M.S. Freitas and C. Nabinger. Challenges in modelling live-weight change in grazed pastures in the Australian sub-tropics 166; C.K. McDonald and A.J. Ash; Effect of urea-treated Pennisetum pedicellatum and supplementation of concentrates with urea on milk production of "Mossi" ewes 167; V.M.C. Bougouma-Yameogo and A.J. Nianogo; Accumulation of polyphenols and major bioactive compounds in Plantago lanceolata L. as a medicinal plant for animal health and production 168; Y. Tamura and K. Yamaki; Effect of stocking rate on a Stipa breviflora Desert Steppe community of Inner Mongolia 169; G. Han, W.D. Willms, M. Zhao, A. Gao, S. Jiao and D. Kemp; Using the n-alkane technique to estimate the herbage intake and diet composition of cattle grazing a Miscanthus sinensis grassland 170; Y. Zhang, Y. Togamura and K. Otsuki; Section 3: Multifunctional pastoral systems: biodiversity, landscape and social issues 171; An ecosystem modelling approach to rehabilitating semi-desert rangelands of North Horr, Kenya 173; G.A. Olukoye, W.N. Wamicha and J.I. Kinyamario; Riparian management in intensive grazing systems for improved biodiversity and environmental quality: productive grazing, healthy rivers 174; S.R. Aarons, M. Jones-Lennon, P. Papas, N. Ainsworth, F. Ede and J. Davies; Contributions of the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service to conserving grasslands on private lands in the United States 175; L.P. Heard; Protection of agrobiodiversity: model calculations in Rhineland-Palatia: costs and implications for farmers 176; H. Bergmann; Stocking rate theory and profit drivers in north Australian rangeland grazing enterprises 177; N.D. MacLeod, A.J. Ash and J.G. McIvor; An ecological and economic risk avoidance drought management decision support system 178; R.K. Heitschmidt and L.T. Vermeire; Predicting the effects of management on upland birds, economy and employment 179; S.M. Gardner, G.M. Buchanan, J.W. Pearce-Higgins, M.C. Grant and A. Waterhouse; Managing resources by grazing in grasslands dominated by dominant shrub species 180; D. Magda, C. Agreil, M. Meuret, E. Chambon-Dubreuil and P.-L. Osty; A decision support system for rangeland management in degrading environments 181; R.G. Bennett and F.J. Mitchell; Modelling the encroachment of farmhouse culture on private village pastures and its environmental fallout in Northern Western Ghats, India 182; S.B. Nalavade, K.R. Sahasrabuddhe and A.A. Patwardhan; Rangeland as a common property resource: contrasting insights from communal areas of central Eastern Cape Province, South Africa 183; J.E. Bennett and H.R. Barrett; Andean pastures in the fourth region of Chile: marginal lands and vital spaces for a transhumance system 184; T.S. Kone, R. Osorio and J.-M. Fotsing; Australian pasture systems: the perennial compromise 185; L.W. Bell and M.A. Ewing; The effect of alternative soil amendments on the botanical composition, basal cover, dry matter production and chemical properties of re-vegetated mine land 186; W.F. Truter and N.F.G. Rethman; Optimization of the pasture resource in boundary environments as a basis for regional nature management 187; M.V. Rogova; Grazing, biodiversity and pastoral vegetation in the South Sudanien area of Burkina Faso 188; E. Botoni-Liehoun and P. Daget; Effects of landscape structure on plants species richness in small grassland remnants in two different landscapes 189; S.A.O. Cousins and O. Eriksson. Is biodiversity declining in the traditional haymeadows of Skye and Lochalsh, Scotland? 190; G.E.D. Tiley and D.G.L. Jones; Forage Development in the Nepal mid-hills: new perspectives 191; A.D. Robertson; Forage Arachis in Nepal: a simple success 192; A.D. Robertson; Grazing prohibition programme and sustainable development of grassland in China 193; X.Y. Hou and L. Yang; Hedgerow systems and livestock in Philippine grasslands: GHG emissions 194; D.B. Magcale-Macandog, E. Abucay, R.G. Visco, R.N. Miole, E.L. Abas, G.M. Comajig and A.D. Calub; Agroforestry systems in Cuba: some aspects of animal production 195; J.M. Iglesias, L. Simon, L. Lamela, I. Hernandez, M. Milera and T. Sanchez; Optimising forage production on degraded lands in the dry tropics through silvopastoral systems 196; P.S. Pathak; How to simplify tools for natural grassland characterisation based on biological measures without losing too much information? 197; P. Ansquer, P. Cruz, J.P. Theau, E. Lecloux and M. Duru; Cow-calf production on perennial pastures in the central semi-arid region of Argentina 198; C.A. Frasinelli, K. Frigerio, J. Martinez Ferrer and J.H. Veneciano; Growth performance of crossbred steers on unfertilised mountain pastures at low stocking rates 199; A. Chassot and J. Troxler; The milk yield by Cinisara cows in different management systems: 1. Effect of season of calving 200; C. Giosue, M. Alabiso, M.L. Alicata and G. Parrino; The milk yield by Cinisara cows in different management systems: 2. Effect of season of production 201; M. Alabiso, C. Giosue, M.L. Alicata and G. Parrino; Eating biodiversity: investigating the links between grassland biodiversity and quality food production 202; A. Hopkins, H. Buller, C. Morris and J.D. Wood; GLM+ delivers improved natural resource management and production outcomes to extensive grazing properties in the savannas of semi-arid north Queensland, Australia 203; J. Rolfe and K. Shaw; Profitable and sustainable grazing systems for livestock producers with saline land in southern Australia 204; N.J. Edwards, D. Masters, E. Barrett-Lennard, M. Hebart, M. McCaskill, W. King and W. Mason; Alternative land use options for Philippine grasslands: a bioeconomic modeling approach using the WaNuLCAS model 205; D.B. Magcale-Macandog, E. Abucay and P.A.B. Ani; Sustainable semi-arid grazing management based on indigenous Shona practices prior to introduction of western ideas in Zimbabwe 206; O. Mugweni and R. Mugweni; Herders and wetland degradation in northern Cameroon 207; E.T. Pamo, F. Tendonkeng and J.R. Kana; Inner Mongolian herders move toward sustainability and elevate their incomes from Cashmere goat production by reducing grazing pressure on fragile grasslands 208; B.P. Fritz and M. Zhao; Keyword index 209; Author index 213.