Preface. Keynote Paper. 1. Agrodiversity -- A Positive Means of Addressing Land Degradation and Sustainable Rural Livelihoods; M. Stocking. Part One: Land Degradation Processes. 2. Geostatistical Analysis and Simulation of West African Sahel Rainfall; A. Chappell, C.T. Agnew. 3. Nebkha Dunes as Indicators of Soil Degradation in the Molopo Basin, South Africa and Botswana; A.J. Dougill, A.D. Thomas. 4. Desertification in an Arid Shrubland in the Southwestern United States: Process Modelling and Validation; G.S. Okin, et al. 5. The Potential for Degradation of Landscape Function and Cultural Values Following the Extinction of Mitika (Bettongia Lesueur) in Central Australia; J.C. Noble, et al. Part Two: Land Degradation as a Response to Land Use Practices and Land Use Change. 6. An Assessment of Soil Erosion in Scotland; D.A. Davidson, et al. 7. Ecological Disturbance and Soil Erosion on Grazing Land in Southwest Iceland; G. Gisladottir. 8. Land Cover Changes in Sardinia (Italy): the Role of Agricultural Policies in Land Degradation; M. d'Angelo, et al. 9. Environmental Problems Caused by Heavy Application of Nitrogen Fertilisers in Japanese Tea Fields; T. Kato, et al. Part Three: Society and Land Degradation. 10. Soil Sustainability and Land Reform in South Africa; H.K. Watson. 11. Redistribution, Restitution and Reform: Prospects for the Land in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa; R.C. Fox, K.M. Rowntree. 12. Establishing Farmers' Understanding of Soil Health for the Future Development of `User-Friendly' Soil Monitoring Packages; L.A. Lobry De Bruyn. 13. Understanding Farmer Monitoring of a `Sustainability Indicator': Depth to Saline Groundwater in Western Australia; S.P. Marsh, et al. 14. Needs and Opportunities in Evaluating Land Degradation and Erosion in South-East Asia; I. Douglas. Part Four: Rehabilitation of Degraded Land. 15. Different Techniques of Pasture Improvement and Soil Erosion in a Wooded Rangeland in SW Spain -- Methodology and Preliminary Results; S. Schnabel, et al. 16. Land Recovery Following Extensive Sheet Erosion at Menangle, NSW; G.S. Humphreys, B. Groth. 17. Safe Carrying Capacity and Sustainable Grazing: How Much Have We Learnt in Semi-Arid Australia in the Last 170 Years? J. Pickard. 18. Reconsidering the Economic Scope for Rehabilitating Degraded Australian Semi-Arid Rangelands -- Issues of Context, Process and Integration; N.D. MacLeod, J.C. Noble. 19. Airborne Geophysics Provides Improved Spatial Information for the Management of Dryland Salinity; R.J. George, D.L. Bennett. 20. Innovative Use of Water Balance Models in Farm and Catchment Planning in Western Australia; G.P. Raper, et al. Part Five: Land Degradation and Policy. 21. Explaining Non-adoption of Practices to Prevent Dryland Salinity in Western Australia: Implications for Policy; D.J. Pannell. 22. Evaluation of Policy Approaches to Dryland Salinity Management in the Kent River Catchment; E.A. Kington, K.R.J. Smettem. 23. Policy Responses to Land Degradation in Australia; J. Conacher, A. Conacher. Closure. 24. Agriculture, Land Degradation and Desertification: Concluding Comments; M. Stocking.