This book examines the health effects of waste deposit sites, incinerators and other options for waste management, focusing in particular on the impacts of halogenated hydrocarbons, and byproducts of incineration. These results are linked with waste policy options, of which reviews in four EU countries and the United States are provided. Scientific arguments which can be used in an environmental health-based waste policy in the future are advocated. This volume contains the proceedings of a workshop which was organized at the `Hippocrates Foundation' in Kos, Greece, on November 12-14, 1998, as an integral part of the ASPIS project, which aims at raising awareness of environmental health impacts and educating decision-makers. As such, this work addresses a wide, multidisciplinary readership, including environmental decision-makers, medical doctors, environmental experts, postgraduate students, lawyers, engineers, and journalists
Preface and Acknowledgements. List of Contributors. List of Figures. List of Tables. List of boxes. Introductory Chapter: Awareness of the Health Impacts of Waste Management; P. Nicolopoulou-Stamati, et al. The Waste Management and the Health Scene. Persistent Organic Chemical Pollution: An Introduction; C.V. Howard, et al. The Challenge to Achieve Better Landfills Where Only Dumps Are Achieved Now: An Anthology; P. Rushbrook. Waste Management: An Industrial Policy Point of View; O. Linher. National Policy Lines on Waste Management. The European Environmental Bureau on the European Commission's Proposal on Incineration of Waste; D. Sotiropoulous-Vardaka. Household Waste Management in the Flemish Region of Belgium; L. van Grimbergen. Waste-to-Energy and Waste Management: Austrian and EU Policy Lines; R.L. Lindbauer. Policy Options for Waste Management in Greece; C. Dontas. Waste Management Policies in the United States of America; G. Valaoras. Health Issues on Waste Management. Background Exposure to Dioxins and PCB's in Europe and the Resulting Health Effects; J.G. Koppe, et al. Particulate Aerosols, Incinerators and Health; C.V. Howard. Health and Environmental Impact Assessment; L. Hens. Can Ecological Taxes Play a Role in Diminishing the Health Impacts of Waste Management? C. Steenwegen. Co-ordinated Regional Action for the Reduction of Solid Waste Pollution in the Framework of the Mediterranean Action Plan; G. Kamizoulis. Case Studies. A Local Increased Incidence of Orofacial Clefts in Amsterdam: The Result of Open Combustion of Chemicals? G.W. ten Tusscher, et al. Health Effects of a Household Waste Incinerator Near Wilrijk, Belgium; N. van Larebeke. Impacts of Inadequate or Negligent Waste Disposal on Wildlife and Domestic Animals: Relevance for Human Health; G. Staats de Yanes, C.V. Howard. Towards a Precautionary Approach for Waste Management Supported by Education and Information Technology; L. Hens, et al. List of Abbreviations. List of Units. Index.
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