List of Contributors. List of Symbols. Abbreviations. Introduction: Climate and Hydrology of Mountain Areas (Carmen de Jong, David Collins, Roberto Ranzi, Roger Barry, George Leavesley, Bachhi etc.). 1. Alpine Climate Change and Cryospheric Responses: An Introduction (Roger C. Barry). PART I: SNOW AND ICE MELT. 2. Use of Positive Degree Day Methods for calculating snow and ice melt and discharge in glaciarized basins in the Langtang valley, central Nepal (R. B. Kayastha, Y. Ageta and K. Fujita). 3. Surface energy balance of high altitude glaciers in the central Andes: the effect of snow penitents (Javier Corripio and Ross Purves). 4. Using subgrid parameterisation and a forest canopy climate model for improving forecasts of snowmelt runoff (Ulrich Strasser and Pierre Etchevers). 5. Assessment of snow covered areas using air temperatures during melt in a mountainous basin (Pratap Singh and Lars Bengtsson). PART II: SOIL WATER AND PERMAFROST. 6. Permafrost monitoring in high mountain areas using a coupled geophysical and meteorological approach (Christian Hauck, Daniel Vonder Muhll and Martin Hoelzle). 7. Effects of frozen soil on the groundwater recharge in alpine areas (Daniel Bayard, Manfred Stahli). 8. Water balance in surface soil: analytical solutions of flow equations and measurements in the Alpine Toce valley (M. Menziani, S. Pugnaghi, S. Vincenzi, R. Santangelo). 9. Saturated hydraulic conductivity and water retention relationships for Alpine mountain soils (S. Barontini, A. Clerici, R. Ranzi and B. Bacchi). PART III: EVAPORTRANSPIRATION AND WATER BALANCE. 10. Water balance modeling with fuzzy parameterizations: application to an Alpine catchment (G. Eder, H.P. Nachtnebel and M. Sivapalan). 11. Water relations of Old Growth Douglas Fir Stands (Link, T., G. Flerchinger and D. Marks). 12. Comparison of evapotranspiration and condensation measurements between the giant mountains and the alps (Carmen de Jong, Marco Mundelius and Krzysztof Migala). 13. Hydrology and ecology of mountain basins in central Norway (J. Loffler and O. Robetaler). PART IV: COUPLING METEOROLOGY AND HYDROLOGY. 14. Runoff and Floods in the Alps: An Overview (B. Bacchi and V. Villi). 15. The use of Coupled Meteorological and Hydrological Models for Flash Flood Simulation (Charles A. Lin, Lei Wen, Diane Chaumont and Michel Beland). 16. Operational weather radar assessment of convective precipitation as an input to flood modelling in mountainous basins (Stefan Uhlenbrook and Dorthe Tetzlaft). 17. Geomorphological Zoning: An improvement to coupling alpine hydrology and meteorology? (Carmen de Jong, Peter Ergenzinger, Martin Borufka, Arne Kocher and Martin Dresen). PART V: CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT AND MOUNTAIN HYDROLOGY. 18. The influence of glacier retreat on water yield from high mountain areas: comparison of Alps and Central Asia (Wilfried Hagg and Ludwig Braun). 19. Snowmelt under different temperature increase scenarios in the Swiss Alps (Franziska Keller and Stephane Goyette). 20. Climate Variability, Water Resources, and Hydrologic Extremes Modelling the Water and Energy Budgets (Osman Yildiz and Ana Barros). Index.