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Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics: Fundamentals and Large-scale Circulation

Includes end of chapter review questions to aid understanding
Unified and comprehensive treatment of both atmospheric and oceanic fluid dynamics
Covers many modern topics and provides up to date knowledge

By: Geoffrey K Vallis (Author)

750 pages, 43 b/w photos, 173 b/w illustrations

Cambridge University Press

Hardback | Nov 2006 | #160951 | ISBN: 0521849691
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £59.99 $73/€67 approx

About this book

Fluid dynamics is fundamental to our understanding of the atmosphere and oceans. Although many of the same principles of fluid dynamics apply to both the atmosphere and oceans, textbooks tend to concentrate on the atmosphere, the ocean, or the theory of geophysical fluid dynamics (GFD).

Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics provides a comprehensive unified treatment of atmospheric and oceanic fluid dynamics. The book introduces the fundamentals of geophysical fluid dynamics, including rotation and stratification, vorticity and potential vorticity, and scaling and approximations. It discusses baroclinic and barotropic instabilities, wave-mean flow interactions and turbulence, and the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean. Student problems and exercises are included at the end of each chapter.

Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics will be an invaluable graduate textbook on advanced courses in GFD, meteorology, atmospheric science and oceanography, and an excellent review volume for researchers

"Geoff Vallis' [Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics] will become the standard text on modern large-scale atmosphere and ocean dynamics. It covers the field from the equations of motion to modern developments such as wave-mean flow interaction theory and theories for the global-scale circulations of atmospheres and oceans. There is no book of comparable comprehensiveness, spanning the needs of beginning graduate students and researchers alike."
– Tapio Schneider, California Institute of Technology

"This clearly written, self-contained new book is a modern treatment of atmospheric and oceanic dynamics. The book starts from classical concepts in fluid dynamics and thermodynamics and takes the reader to the frontier of current research. This is an accessible textbook for beginning students in meteorology, oceanography and climate sciences. Mature researchers will welcome this work as a stimulating resource. This is also the only textbook on geophysical fluid dynamics with a comprehensive collection of problems; these cement the material and expand it to a more advanced level. Highly recommended!"
– Paola Cessi, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego

"Vallis provides a cohesive view of GFD that smoothly blends classic results with modern interpretations. The book strikes an ideal balance between mathematical rigor and physical intuition, and between atmosphere – and ocean-relevant applications. The use of a hierarchy of models is particularly welcome. Each physical phenomenon is modeled with the right degree of complexity, and the reader is introduced to the value of the hierarchy at an early stage. Well-designed homework problems spanning a broad range of difficulty make the book very appropriate for use in introductory courses in GFD."
– Adam Sobel, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University

"I have adopted this text for my course in Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics because the ideas are clearly presented and up-to-date. The text provides the flexibility for the instructor to choose among a variety of paths that take the student from the foundations of the subject to current research topics. For me as a researcher, the text is satisfying because it presents a unified view of the ideas that underlie the modern theory of large scale atmospheric and oceanic circulations."
– Paul J. Kushner, University of Toronto

"The large-scale circulation in the atmosphere-ocean system is maintained by small scale turbulent motions that interact with large scale radiative processes. The first half of the book introduces the basic theories of large-scale atmosphere-ocean flows and of small-scale turbulent motions. In the second half, the two theories are brought together to explain how the interactions of motions on different scales maintain the global-scale climate. The emphasis on turbulent motions and their effect on larger scales makes this book a gem in the GFD literature. Finally we have a textbook that is up to date with our current understanding of the climate system."
– Raffaele Ferrari, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

"[...] sure to grace the shelves of libraries and (at CUP's remarkably reasonable price for such a large hardback volume) even individuals for many years to come, both as a reference and a tutorial text."
– Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society

"[...] highly recommended textbook: those who would like to gain a deeper understanding of the large-scale atmospheric and oceanic circulation, and at the same time want to be provided with the necessary hydrodynamic foundations, will be served very well indeed by this book."
Physik Journal

"[...] it is one of the strengths of the book to provide a clear and consistent view from the fundamentals to the current research topics. Moreover, I also found the book extremely helpful to introduce the issues of fluid dynamics to students. [...] I consulted the book many times and found its presentation exceptionally clear and concise. [...] I would be happy to see this wonderful textbook on as many desks of our community as possible."
– Meteorologische Zeitschrift


Part I. Fundamentals of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics
1. Equations of motion
2. Effects of rotation and stratification
3. Shallow water systems and isentropic coordinates
4. Vorticity and potential vorticity
5. Simplified equations for ocean and atmosphere

Part II. Instabilities, Waves and Turbulence
6. Barotropic and baroclinic instability
7. Wave-mean flow interaction
8. Turbulence: basic theory
9. Geostrophic turbulence and baroclinic eddies
10. Turbulent diffusion and eddy transport

Part III. Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulation
11. The overturning circulation: Hadley and Ferrel cells
12. Mid-latitude atmospheric circulation
13. Zonal asymmetries, planetary waves and stratosphere

Part IV. Large-Scale Circulation
14. Wind-driven gyres
15. The buoyancy driven circulation
16. Wind and buoyancy driven circulation

Appendix: miscellaneous relationships in a layered model

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Geoffrey K. Vallis is a senior scientist and professor in the Program in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and NOAA's Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory at Princeton University. He is also an associate faculty member at the Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics, and a former professor at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Until recently he was editor of the Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. His research interests include the general circulation of the ocean and atmosphere, turbulence theory, and climate dynamics. He has taught a wide range of topics at Princeton and the University of California, and he has published extensively in both the oceanographic and meteorological literature.

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