Preface. Contributors. Part 1. General. 1. The Mission of Agricultural Research; G. Loebenstein, G. Thottappilly. 2. The Mission and Evolution of International Agricultural Research in Developing Countries; F.J. Morales. 3. Considerations for Determining Research Priorities: Learning Cycles and Impact Pathways; M.C.S. Bantilan, J.D.H. Keatinge. 4. Creating an Effective Process to Define, Approve and Review the Research Agenda for Institutions in the Developing World; R. Ortiz, J. Crouch. 5. The Research Department and Institute; S. Navarro, G. Loebenstein. 6. Leadership in Agricultural Research Management; J. d'Arros Hughes. 7. Bioethics in Agricultural Research and Research Management; A. Fossey. 8. The Contribution of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to the Management of Publicly Funded Agricultural Research; E. Gelb, D. Levanon. 9. Harness of R&D for the Benefit of a Practical-Oriented Organization; Y. Spharim. Part 2. Case Studies. 10. CGIAR -- The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research; E. Hartmans, G. Lundborg. 11. Linking Priorities and Performance -- Management of the USDA Agricultural Research Service; E.B. Knipling, C.E. Rexroad Jr. 12. Agricultural Research Management in U.S. Land-Grant Universities; D.A. Holt. 13. USDA-CSREES -- The Competitive Grants Program in the US; Ch. Jacobs-Young et al. 14. Agricultural Research Governance and Management in Nigeria; N.O. Adedipe. 15. INRA -- National Institute for Agricultural Research; M. Dodet. 16. The Indian Agricultural Research System; M.S. Swaminathan, S. Bala Ravi. 17. Agricultural Science in The Netherlands; K. Verhoeff et al. 18. Agricultural Research in Israel; G. Loebenstein, E. Putievsky. 19. Concluding Remarks; G. Thottappilly, G. Loebenstein.