Books  Physical Sciences  Chemistry 

Quality Assurance for Chemistry and Environmental Science: Metrology from pH Measurement to Nuclear Waste Disposal

By: G Meinrath and P Schneider

260 pages, 150 illus

Springer-Verlag

Hardback | Aug 2007 | #168640 | ISBN-13: 9783540712718
Availability: Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks Details
NHBS Price: £163.00 $206/€193 approx

About this book

Metrological concepts like traceability or measurement uncertainty form important parts of international treaties and normative documents. Their applications e.g. in chemical or food analysis or in environmental monitoring are entering our daily life. The development of those concepts has been driven by demand on a world-wide scale from trade, industry and the legal systems. In the future, no chemist, geochemist, chemical , civil or environmental engineer and no other specialist dealing with chemical measurement data, and no decision maker, neither in trade and industry, in public or medical services, in the political and diplomatic arenas or in academic research can afford not to become acquainted with metrology, its concepts and impact.

This book provides a basic overview over the relevant metrological concepts like traceability, ISO uncertainties or cause-and-effect diagrams. The applications described in great detail range from progression-of-error type evaluation of the measurement uncertainty budget to complex applications like pH measurement or speciation calculations for aqueous solutions. The consequences of a measurement uncertainty concept for chemical data are outlined for geochemical modeling applied to transport in the subsurface and to nuclear waste disposal. Special sections deal with the deficits of existing thermodynamic data for these applications and with the current position of chemical metrology in respect to other quality assurance measures, e.g. ISO 900x, GLP, European and U.S.-American standards. The CD-ROM accompanying the book provides two illustrative programmes (for IBM PCs and derivatives; with manuals and example data sets) and important official documents and guides in PDF format.

Aus den Rezensionen: "! Die Autoren sprechen in ihrem Buch ! weniger bekannte Facetten der Qualitatssicherung an und erganzen die vorhandene Literatur auf ansprechende und praxisnahe Weise. ! Beispiele aus der Praxis machen die Ausfuhrungen anschaulich. ! Gerade bei komplexeren statistischen Fragen ist es hilfreich, Auswertungen vorgegebener Datensatze nachvollziehen zu konnen und die Auswirkungen von Einflussgrossen durch deren Veranderung zu sehen. Die Daten und Programme auf der CD und deren ausfuhrliche Beschreibung eigenen sich gut dazu. ! Insgesamt erganzt das Buch gut die Literatur ! auf dem Markt !" (Volkmar Neitzel, in: Nachrichten aus der Chemie, 2008, Vol. 56, Issue 4, S. 472 f.) "! In der Tat schliesst das Buch eine Lucke und gibt ! einen guten Auberblick in Bezug auf Berechnungen, Fehlerbetrachtungen und Statistiken und vieles mehr ! Durchaus amusant und auch lesenswert sind die vielen eingestreuten Zitate von unterschiedlichen Wissenschaftlern und Schriftstellern ! Positiv zu vermerken ist das umfangreiche Kapitel mit Referenzen, das sich als ausserst hilfreich bei der Vertiefung in die unterschiedlichen Spezialthemen erweist." (Dr. Barbara Pohl; Dr. Wolfgang Seidel, in: GDCh Mitteilungsblatt Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker, 2008, Issue 1, S. 19 f.)


Contents

Introduction 1 Concepts of Metrology 1.1 Organisation and Framework 1.2 Conventions and Definition 1.3 Statistics 1.4 Metrology in Standard Situations 1.5 Metrology in Complex Situations 1.6 Metrology in Complex Situations -- Non-Normality, Correlation, and Non-Linearity 1.7 Metrology in Complex Situations - Examples 1.8 Deficit Analysis of Existing Thermodynamic Data for Environmental Simulation 2 Metrology in Chemistry And Geochemical Modeling 2.1 Geochemical modeling -- an introduction 2.2 Handling Uncertainty in Geochemical Modeling 2.3 Geochemical Modeling and Decision Making 2.4 Criteria for and Deficits in Chemical Data for Geochemical Modeling 3 Metrological Principles applied to Geohydraulic Data 3.1 A Brief Summary in Geohydraulics 3.2 Measurement of Geohydraulic Parameters in Laboratory and Field 3.3 Cause-and-Effect Analysis for Geohydraulic Measurement Values 3.4 Practical Approach to the Application of Metrological Concepts in Geohydrology Appendix A1) Overview on the CD-Content A2) A brief Introduction into the Computer Codes A3) ReadMe Text and License Agreement

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