List of figures; List of contributors; Preface; Acknowledgements; Foreword Jeffrey A. McNeely; Introduction Andreas Kontoleon, Unai Pascual and Timothy Swanson; 1. Do we really care about biodiversity? David W. Pearce; Part I. Causes of Biodiversity Loss: A. Land Conversion: 2. The economics of land conversion, open access and biodiversity loss Edward B. Barbier; 3. Estimating spatial interactions in deforestation decisions Juan Robalino, Alexander Pfaff and Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa; 4. Resource exploitation, biodiversity and ecological events Yacov Tsur and Amos Zemel; B. Invasives: 5. Pests pathogens and poverty: biological invasions and agricultural dependence Charles Perrings; 6. Prevention versus control in Invasive Species Management David Finnoff, Jason F. Shogren, Brian Leung and David Lodge; C. International Trade: 7. Trade and renewable resources in a second-best world: an overview Erwin Bulte and Ed Barbier; 8. International trade and its impact on biological diversity Rafat Alam and Nguyen V Quyen; Part II. The Value of Biodiversity: A. Concepts: 9. Designing the legacy library of genetic resources: approaches, methods, and results Tim Swanson and Timo Goeschl; 10. Why the measurement of species diversity requires prior value judgments Stefan Baumgartner; B. Techniques: 11. Combining TCM and CVM of endangered species conservation program: estimation of the marginal value of vultures (Gyps fulvus) in the presence of species-visitors interaction Nir Becker, Yael Choresh, Moshe Inbar and Ofer Bahat; 12. Valuing ecological and anthropocentric concepts of biodiversity: a choice experiments application Michael Christie and Nick Hanley, John Warren, Tony Hyde, Kevin Murphy and Robert Wright; 13. Spatially explicit choice experiments: a case of multiple-use management of forest recreation sites Paula Horne, Peter Boxall and Wiktor Adamowicz; Part III. Policies for Biodiversity Conservation: A. Contracts: 14. Auctioning biodiversity conservation contracts Gary Stoneham, Vivek Chaudhri, Loris Strappazzon and Arthur Ha; 15. An evolutionary institutional approach to the economics of bioprospection Tom Dedeurwaerdere, Vijesh Krishna and Unai Pascual; 16. An ecological economic programming approach to modelling landscape level biodiversity conservation Ernst-August Nuppenau and Marc Helmer; B. Implementation: 17. The effectiveness of centralized and decentralized institutions in managing biodiversity: lessons from economic experiments Jana Vyrastekova and Daan van Soest; 18. Conserving species in a working landscape: land use with biological and economic objectives Steve Polasky, Erik Nelson, Eric Lonsdorf, Paul Fackler and Anthony Starfield; 19. Balancing recreation and Wildlife conservation of charismatic species Doris Behrens and Birgit Friedl; 20. Modelling the re-colonisation of native species Anders Skonhoft; Part IV. Managing Agro-Biodiversity: Causes, Values and Policies: 21. On the role of crop biodiversity in the management of environmental risk Salvatore Di Falco and Jean-Paul Chavas; 22. Assessing the private value of agro-biodiversity in Hungarian home gardens using the data enrichment method Ekin Birol, Andreas Kontoleon and Melinda Smale; 23. Agricultural development and the diversity of crop and livestock genetic resources: a review of the economics literature Melinda Smale and Adam Drucker; Index.