In general, the impacts of Global Change on animals has received less attention than the corresponding impacts on plants, vegetation and ecosystem functioning. This volume includes presentations and conclusions from the ARTERI workshop "Europe's cold regions: scenarios for animal responses to global change", held in Abisko, Sweden, in April 1998. The volume also includes presentations describing animal interactions between the cold areas of Europe and other parts of Europe and circumpolar north.
Preface A. Hofgaard and T. V. Callaghan Scenarios for animal responses to global change in Europe's cold regions: an introduction K. Danell, A. Hofgaard, T. V. Callaghan and J. P. Ball Spatial responses of animals to climate change during the Quaternary R. H. W. Bradshaw Ecological characteristics of mammals in the biomes of Europe K. Danell Latitudinal gradients in species richness in northern areas: some exceptional pattern J. Kouki Impacts of climate warming on artic aphids: a comparative analysis J. S. Bale Bark beetles in a changing environment K. Heliovaara and M. Peltonen Climate and the population dynamics of two insect outbreak species in the north H. Bylund Climatic change and insect outbreaks in boreal forests: the role of winter temperatures S. Neuvonen, P. Niemela and T. Virtanen The direct and indirect effects of enhanced UV-B on the moth caterpillar Epirrita autumnata N. Buck and T. V. Callaghan Enhanced UV-B radiation and herbivory D. Gwynn-Jones Responses to defoliation in deciduous trees: effects of CO2 and light J. Agrell, E. P. McDonald and R. L. Lindroth The roles of climate and insularity in establishment and persistence of Rangifer tarandus populations in the high Artic D. R. Klein Seasonal inappetence and weight loss in female reindeer in winter N. J. C. Tyler, P. Fauchald, O. Johansen and H. R. Christiansen Population ecology and the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) E. Post, M. C. Forchhammer and N. C. Stenseth Relationship between chamois and isard survival and variation in global and local climate regimes: contrasting examples from the Alps and Pyrenees A. Loison, J.-M. Jullien and P. Menaut Demography of small mammals in cold regions: the importance of environmental variability N. G. Yoccoz and R. A. Ims Global change and possible effects on the migration and reproduction of artic-breeding waders A. Lindstrom and J. Agrell The role of "natural" landscapes influenced by man in predicting responses to climate change A. Hofgaard Recruitment and mortality of Pinus sylvestris near the nordic treeline: the role of climatic change and herbivory J. Stocklin and C. Korner Climate changes, moose and their human predators J. P. Ball, G. Ericsson and K. Wallin
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