Water, water everywhere – with this in mind, the perennial question in water works remains: can the earth's finite supply of water resources be increased to meet the constantly growing demand? Hailed on its first publication as a masterful account of the state of water science, this second edition of the bestselling The Science of Water: Concepts and Applications puts the spotlight on the critical importance of water's role in future sustainability.
Clearly written and user-friendly, this timely revision builds on the remarkable success of the first edition by updating, reorganizing, and revising the original to include the latest information and research results. The common thread woven through the fabric of this presentation is water resource utilization and its protection. It covers topics such as water sources, water hydraulics, chemistry, biology/microbiology, ecology, water quality, pollution, biomonitoring, sampling, testing, reuse, and treatment. The author examines the impact of human use, misuse, and reuse of freshwater and wastewater on the overall water supply.
Authoritative, informative, and up-to-date, The Science of Water blends real-world experience with theoretical models. The Science of Water provides the valuable insight all water/wastewater practitioners need and includes important information for policymakers and anyone else tasked with making decisions concerning water resource utilization.
See what's new in the Second Edition:
- Coverage of the latest environmental rules and regulations
- Inclusion of a new chapter on drinking water
- Expansion of the math section with over 120 new problems and solutions
- New case studies and examples
- Updates to every chapter, reflecting advances in the field
" [...] the author has compiled an impressive collection of useful information about the science of water in an interesting, well-written matter . . This book is highly recommended for hydrologists, advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and definitely aquatic environmental samplers and water treatment operators."
– Robert M. Hordon, Department of Geography, Rutgers University, in Journal of the American Water Resources Association, August 2008
Setting the Stage
ALL ABOUT WATER
How Special, Strange, and Different Is Water?
Characteristics of Water
Just Two H 's and One O
Somewhere between 0 and 105°
Water 's Physical Properties
The Water Cycle
Specifi c Water Movements
Q and Q Factors
Sources of Water Watershed Protection
Water Quality Impact
Watershed Protection and Regulations
A Watershed Protection Plan
Reservoir Management Practices
Potable Water Source
Location! Location! Location!
How Readily Available Is Potable Water?
Advantages and Disadvantages of Surface Water
Surface Water Hydrology
Raw Water Storage
Surface Water Intakes
Well Site Requirements
Type of Wells
Components of a Well
Miscellaneous Well Components
Routine Operation and Recordkeeping Requirements
What Is Water Hydraulics?
Properties of Water
Force and Pressure
Flow/Discharge Rate: Water in Motion
Piezometric Surface and Bernoulli 's Theorem
Hydraulic Machines (Pumps)
Well and Wet Well Hydraulics
Friction Head Loss
Basic Pumping Hydraulics
Flow Measurement: The Old-Fashioned Way
Flow Measuring Devices
Chemistry Concepts &Definitions
Common Water Measurements
Water Treatment Chemicals
Drinking Water Parameters: Chemical
Biology/Microbiology: What Is It?
Setting the Stage
Levels of Organization
Energy Flow in the Ecosystem
Food Chain Efficiency
Stream Genesis and Structure
Benthic Life: An Overview
References Further Reading
Sources of Contaminants
The Chemical Cocktail
Self-Purifi cation of Streams
Sources of Stream Pollution
ENVIRONMENTAL BIOMONITORING, SAMPLING, AND TESTING
What Is Biomonitoring?
Biotic Index (Streams)
Biological Sampling (Streams)
Water Quality Monitoring (Drinking Water)
Conventional Water Treatment
Stages of Water Treatment
WATER TREATMENT CALCULATIONS
Water Source and Storage Calculations
Coagulation, Mixing, and Flocculation Calculations
Determining Percent of Solutions
Water Filtration Calculations
Water Chlorination Calculations
Chemical Use Calculations
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Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia, USA