Preface: An Insects Perspective on Immunity 1: Historical Overview of Major Achievements in Insect Immunity 2: A Comparison of Insect and Vertebrate Immunity: Key Similarities vs. Differences 3: Overview of Insect Innate Immunity 4: Phylogenetic Perspectives and Pattern Recognition Processes in Insect Immunity Jules Hoffmann, Strasbourg, France 5: Insect Hemoctyes and their Functions Michael Strand, Univ. of Georgia 6: Pathogen Recognition, Phagocytosis, and Nodulation: Responses to Pathogenic Infection David Stanley, Insect Biocontrol Laboratory, USDA/ARS, Columbia, MO 7: The Encapsulation Response and its Modulators Michael Strand, Univ. of Georgia 8: The Physiological Roles of Polydnaviruses in Insect Immunity to Parasitoids 9: Polydnavirus Genomic Sequencing Insights into Immunity Bruce Webb, University of Kentucky; Sassan Asgari, University of Queensland, Australia 10: Humoral Mechanisms of Insect Immunity and the Roles of Antibacterial Proteins Michael Kanost, Kansas State University 11: The Role of Eicosanoids in Insect Immunity David Stanley, Insect Biocontrol Laboratory, USDA/ARS, Columbia, MO 12: Drosophila as a Model for Studying Insect Immunity 13: The Role of the Phenoloxidase Pathway in Insect Immunity Anthony Nappi and Bruce Christensen, University of Wisconsin- Madison 14: How Parasites Developing in Insect Vectors Trigger or Escape the Host Immune Response Susan Paskewitz, Univ. of Wisconsin- Madison; Shirley Luckhart, Univ. California- Davis 15: Exploitation of Insect Immunity Genes to Enhance Vector Refractoriness to Parasites Alex Raikhel and Peter Atkinson, University of California - Riverside 16: Strategies of Entomopathogenic Nematodes and their Associated Bacteria for Countering the Host Immune Response Stuart Reynolds and Richard Effrech-Constant, University of Bath, UK 17: Insect Anti-Viral Immune Responses Bryony Bonning, Iowa State University 18: Neuro-Endocrine-Immune Pathways in Insects 19: Evolution and Insect Immune Defenses Paul Schmid-Hempel, Switzerland 20: Insect Immunity and Behavior: Trade-Offs Shelley Adamo, Dalhousie University, Canada 21: Summary: Responses to Pathogens vis a vis Responses to Parasites Nancy Beckage 22: Glimpses of the Future of Insect Immunology Otto Schmidt, University of Adelaide, Australia.